By Pam O'Connor, Jaya Earnest
This e-book provides the result of a examine that tested the a number of layers of stigma and discrimination skilled by way of girls contaminated and tormented by HIV/AIDS in a low socio-economic sector of Mumbai, India. utilizing exploratory qualitative equipment and underpinned via the psychosocial framework and gendered views the examine makes an attempt to symbolize the voicesof affected and contaminated ladies. The e-book first specializes in an international evaluate of HIV,presents info at the Indian context and offers a synthesis of HIV with regards to stigma, discrimination and gender. the second one a part of the ebook probes the intensity of impression on women's lives utilizing the lenses of gender, monetary prestige, the surroundings and actual wellbeing and fitness. The framework was once extra changed and prolonged to incorporate threats printed by way of and strengths indentified in contaminated and affected girls. The research published that thoughts to handle stigma and discrimination have to tackle the social, cultural, spiritual and systemic limitations to altering attitudes. The publication portrays the resilience of every woman's spirit and the original skill of the ladies to manage, to discover power, to pursue lifestyles and to take care of desire whilst their desires and the desires in their young children were shattered via HIV/AIDS.
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Extra info for Voices of Resilience. Stigma, Discrimination and Marginalisation of Indian Women Living with HIV AIDS
India has no harm-minimisation policy, which leads to a lack of co-ordination in designing and implementing interventions (UNAIDS, 2006b). Commercial Sex Workers Commercial sex workers (CSWs) and injecting drug users (IDU) are linked, and thus further associated with increases in HIV spread. Manipur in India has a wellestablished HIV epidemic where nearly 20% of the sex workers were found to be injecting drugs and HIV positive. The rate was much lower for those CSWs not on drugs (8%) (UNAIDS, 2006b).
This means that people are afraid of catching the disease just by being near someone who is infected. Fear is uppermost in the production of stigma. This fear may arise from the stigma-bearer reminding others of their own vulnerability. Weiss, Ramakrishna, and Somma (2006) argue that stigma must be understood, and conceptualised within the broader social and cultural influences on the behavior of the stigmatisers and stigmatised groups. ‘Normal’ people may fear contamination, or acquiring a disease such as HIV/ AIDS, or that they may be tempted to indulge in some perceived deviant behaviour.
The Department of AIDS Control is in the process of implementing the “Smart Card” Project. This card will act as a portable medical record and facilitate analysis of data. The rollout of second line ART commenced ansd expanded from January 2009, and currently there are 970 patients on second line ART provided through 10 Centres of Excellence. Addressing HIV/AIDS in children especially infants below 18 months is a significant global challenge. Recent evidence demonstrates that early HIV diagnosis and ART are critical for infants, and a significant number of lives can be saved by initiating ART for HIV infected infants immediately after diagnosis within the first 12 weeks of life.