By Professor Aina Gallego
Hugely expert voters vote at a lot decrease premiums than much less informed electorate in a few nations. against this, electoral participation indicates no such bias in different nations as various as Spain, Denmark, and South Korea. This e-book describes the degrees of unequal participation in thirty-six international locations around the globe, examines attainable factors of this phenomenon, and discusses its effects. Aina Gallego illustrates how electoral methods, occasion and media structures, unionization, and source of revenue inequality influence unequal participation via an unique blend of cross-national survey info and survey experiments.
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Extra resources for Unequal Political Participation Worldwide
Differences in the political opinions of voters and nonvoters are nonexistent where participation is equal, but there are substantial gaps in opinion preferences in contexts where participation is unequal. This finding supports the claim that unequal participation can indeed have detrimental consequences for representation and the democratic process. The concluding chapter discusses the contributions of this book, its implications and limitations, and further avenues of research. 1 Unequal Participation Around the World Applying the principle of “one person, one vote” in elections was a historical step toward achieving more political equality.
Many other cases fall in between, and the correlation of education and voting is visible but modest. The fact that variation exists has relevant implications. If unequal participation were universal, we would perhaps conclude that it stems from in-built features of human nature and democratic political life, which are difficult to redress. The electoral systems, cultures, economic situations, and institutions of the countries included in this study are very diverse. The finding that no large degree of variation existed across contexts would hint that unequal turnout is something inherent to democratic societies.
Systematic biases can come from contextual characteristics, cues, laziness, inborn tendencies, and many other sources. Heterogeneous Consequences of Contexts 39 specification, which includes a term for duty, a term for preferences, and the interaction of both terms, fits the data well in the United States and Canada (Blais and Achen 2010; Blais and Labbe-St-Vincent 2011). Adding covariates to the basic specification does not reduce the size of the core coefficients. 5 The ability to vote in elections refers to the amount of resources a person needs if she is to perform the tasks required for voting, such as making sense of political information, understanding and fulfilling the administrative requirements to be eligible to vote, or actually casting a ballot (Krosnick, Visser, and Harder 2011).