By Assistant Professor Linda Lawson PhD
This can be the 1st coverage heritage to envision executive rules of the print media’s company practices within the early 20th century.Most media histories depict the early twentieth-century press as a crusader, operating heavily with reformers to weed out abuses in society. This ebook turns the tables and examines the clicking as a company at risk of company abuses and executive regulation—just like all different firm. and prefer different company leaders specified via reformers, a few publishers and advertisers welcomed the scrutiny of reformers and inspired lawmakers to enact powerful laws to cleanse the occupation. Others, despite the fact that, attempted to conceal at the back of the 1st modification and resisted all makes an attempt at govt regulation.In the tip, Congress bypassed the 1st modification query through linking its laws to the press’s mail privilege, the place, it was once felt, the courts could uphold its authority to set criteria for the subsidy.The Newspaper exposure Act, handed in 1912, continues to be in influence and calls for advertisement newspapers and magazines utilizing the preferential second-class mail fee to spot their vendors and traders and to label ads that resemble information tales or editorials. day-by-day newspapers also are required to reveal move facts in addition to their possession statements.In half 1, Lawson files the press’s internal workings, together with its excesses and abuses, because it developed from a suite of small companies within the mid 1800s to a longtime advertisement establishment of the 20th century. huge, city newspapers challenged small, rural papers even as burgeoning renowned magazines and exchange journals competed fiercely with any other kind of ebook for advertisers and readers. The regulatory activities caused by way of those divisions in the are handled partially 2. Lawson makes transparent how Congress, the put up workplace, and the courts spoke back to the troubling company practices defined partly 1. eventually, she analyzes what this episode in coverage making unearths concerning the revolutionary ideology with its reliance on exposure and legislation to unravel social and monetary difficulties and within the approach integrates some of the it sounds as if paradoxical strands of scholarship at the innovative interval.
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Additional info for Truth in publishing: federal regulation of the press's business practices, 1880-1920
Supreme Court resoundingly ruled that government did indeed have the authority to regulate the press's business operations, particularly when the regulations involved a congressionally established press privilegethe subsidized second-class mail rate. The press, in these circumstances, was like any other business subject to government purview, the First Amendment notwithstanding. 13 This book examines the flip side of that textbook imagethe press as a business susceptible to corporate abuses and government regulation as much as any other enterprise.
I. Title. 48-1984. Contents Acknowledgments vii 1 Introduction 1 PART ONE Business Excesses in the Press 7 2. Hidden Ownership 12 3. Disguised Advertisements 25 4. Circulation Liars 45 PART TWO Progressive-Era Regulations on the Press 59 6. Ownership Disclosed 91 7. Advertisements Identified 106 8. Circulation Revealed 124 9. Publicity as an Antidote for Press Abuses 141 Notes 151 Selected Bibliography 207 Index 225 Page vii Acknowledgments Many people helped me in the research and writing of this book.
7 Many of the Progressive reforms relied on publicity to curb business excesses, including the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 and the Publicity Act of 1910, which required representatives to disclose their campaign contributions. It was natural, then, that reformers considered publicity as the preferred remedy for abuses in the press. "8 Many publishers agreed with Barnhart's approach. 9 But other publishers shielded themselves with the First Amendment and resisted any attempt at government regulation of their business practices.