By Henk van Nierop, J. C. Grayson
Within the spring of 1575, Holland's Northern Quarter--the waterlogged peninsula stretching from Amsterdam to the North Sea--was threatened with forthcoming invasion by means of the Spanish military. because the outbreak of the Dutch rebel many years previous, the Spanish had time and again did not expel the rebels lower than William of Orange from this distant sector, and now there have been rumors that the war-weary inhabitants harbored traitors conspiring to aid the Spanish invade. In reaction, insurgent leaders arrested a few vagrants and peasants, positioned them at the rack, and brutally tortured them till they confessed and named their principals--a witch-hunt that at last ended in a tender Catholic legal professional named Jan Jeroenszoon.Treason within the Northern region tells how Jan Jeroenszoon, via nice own braveness and religion within the rule of legislation, controlled to outlive ugly torture and vindicate himself via effectively arguing at trial that the experts remained topic to the legislations even in occasions of warfare. Henk van Nierop makes use of Jan Jeroenszoon's unheard of tale to provide the 1st account of the Dutch rebel from the viewpoint of its usual victims--town burghers, fugitive Catholic clergy, peasants, and vagabonds. For them the Dutch riot used to be now not a heroic fight for nationwide liberation yet a typical soiled battle, whatever to be survived, no longer won.An mesmerizing account of an unsuspected tale with amazing smooth resonance, Treason within the Northern area provides a brand new picture of the Dutch rebel, one who will fascinate somebody drawn to the character of revolution and civil struggle or the destiny of legislation in the course of wartime.
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Extra resources for Treason in the Northern Quarter: War, Terror, and the Rule of Law in the Dutch Revolt
Apart from the single assembly at Oude Niedorp they never attempted to create supralocal organs to promote the interests of the region as a whole. 48 In the administrative center of Holland, The Hague, the North Hollanders rarely put in an appearance. The provincial States, the States of Holland and West Friesland to give them their ofﬁcial name, grew over the half-century before the revolt into a self-conscious body politic,49 but the towns of the Northern Quarter took no part in that process.
36 There were hardly any noblemen, but all the more plebeians. ”37 By sixteenth34 Van Gelder, Geschiedenis der Latijnsche school. ” 36 Cited from the Dutch translation of 1700: Opmeer, Martelaarsboek, 19, and Opmeer, Historia martyrum, 11. 37 Opmeer, Martelaarsboek, 20 and Opmeer, Historia martyrum, 12: “Nobilitas ei praecipue invisa, censu et divitiis cuiusque dignitatem metiuntur, virtuteque excellentes viros aegre ferunt. ” 35 22 • Chapter Two century standards, therefore, the Northern Quarter was a rather egalitarian society, and the baneful consequences were obvious to everyone.
The dissidents thus denied the central Roman Catholic dogma of the real presence, the doctrine that Christ is really present in the bread and wine that the priest consecrates on the altar. 27 They wanted to remain inside the existing Church and reform it from within. What then did these critical Catholics believe in? Although it is difﬁcult to generalize about the ideas of the Sacramentarians, who remained wholly unconfessional, their criticisms of existing institutions and cus22 CD, V, 176. CD, V, 148; Voets, “Hervorming,” II, 6–7.