By Tudor Salagean
In Transylvania within the moment 1/2 the 13th Century Tudor Salagean describes the deep differences of a rustic that was once the scene of a fierce resistance opposed to the nice Mongol invasion of 1241-1242. within the moment half the 13th century, with the increase of the provincial the Aristocracy, Transylvania redefines its inner political process, which reached its adulthood through the rule of Ladislas Kan (1294-1315). the looks of a fancy congregational process, additionally accomplished during this interval, is hooked up with the statement of Regnum Transilvanum, which represents a ancient hyperlink among the early medieval regnum Erdewel of duke Gyula and the regnum transsilvaniensis of the Union of 1459, asserting the increase of the early glossy Principality of Transylvania.
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Extra resources for Transylvania in the Second Half of the Thirteenth Century: The Rise of the Congregational System
The amplitude of the devastation was significant but it did not come close to the proportions reached in Pannonia and the Tisza plain. Even though after his escape from the Mongols, in the spring of 1242, Rogerius described the province as completely depopulated, he also recounted that he was saved from starvation by locals who had taken refuge in the mountains. The great number of refugees that Rogerius encountered at Frata were well organized and supplied. 167 Moreover, the number of communities hidden in the mountains, forests or improvised fortifications, such as Frata or Tămaşda,168 the latter destroyed by the Mongols, was without any doubt greater.
181 In this 177 The archaeological research conducted at the Apor Palace revealed the existence of a gap between surface dwellings from the 12th–early 13th century and the level of inhabitation of the early 15th century, when a repopulation precess can be noted, see Rusu, “Cetatea Alba-Iulia în secolele XI–XIV” (Ephemeris Napocensis 4 (1994): 340–351). 178 D IR III. . 179 D IR I. . 180 D IR I. 327–328, ZW 72–73. 181 Zek (DIR II. 5–6, ZW 78–79), Wiz, Munora, Hassach, Nogrech et alias (DIR II.
This hypothesis is also supported by the analysis of the attack directions of the Mongol troops on Transylvania. 115 The march took him up the Moldavian Bistriţa Valley until he reached the Dorna Valley. He then must have followed down the Ilva River, making a surprise appearance in front of Rodna on March 30th, 1241. According to Epternach’s account, Büri made his entrance into Burzenland around the same date (March 31st)116 which indicates not only a perfect coordination of these military operations, but also the fact that the two armies seem to have divided themselves shortly before the crossing of the Carpathians, probably somewhere near the junction of Bistriţa and Siret Rivers.