By Helen Graham, Paul Preston
Out of the social and financial turmoil of Europe within the Nineteen Thirties, the preferred entrance emerged because the spearhead of the left's bid to prevent fascism in its tracks. Fifty years on from the start of the preferred entrance this edited assortment assesses the influence of the belief of bourgeois-proletarian alliance at the eu left as a complete. It additionally examines the destiny of the preferred entrance governments, either in France, which remained nominally 'at peace', and in Spain, the place the sour strife over social and financial reform erupted into open civil war.
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Extra info for The Popular Front in Europe
J. Feuchtwanger (eds), Social Change and Political Development in Weimar Germany, (London, 1981) pp. 207-40, here pp. ff. On the SPD during the Weimar Republic, see: R. N. Hunt, German Social Democracy 1918-1933 (Chicago, 1970); W. L. ), Die Weimarer Republik. Belagerte Civitas(Konigstein, 1980) p. 272-86; Hans Mommsen, 'Die Sozialdemokratie in der Defensive: Der Immobilismus dcr SPD und der Aufstieg des Nationalsozialismus', in. ). So:ialdemokratie zwischen Klassenbewegung und Volkspartei (Frankfurt/Main, 32 8.
As the new coalition government strengthened its position, the councils concerned themselves less and less with political issues; divesting themselves of their radicalism, they became strictly economic organisations which worked closely with the trade unions. They were no longer seen as the nuclei of a new socialist society, but rather as an effective means of securing much needed reform within a healthy capitalist society. Thus, the potential agencies of revolution promoted compromise and reform.
P. 644; Peukert, Die KPD im Widerstand, pp. 326-417; Plum, 'Die Arbeiterbewegung', pp. 378f 39. Peukert, Die KPD im Widerstand, pp. '. Deutsche Arbeiter in der nationa/sozialistischen Kriegswirtschaft (Dusseldorf, 1983). 40. E. H. Carr, The End of Comintern 1930-1935 (London, 1982) charts changes in Comintern policy. See also the review of Carr's work by Helmut Gruber in New German Critique vol. 30 (Fall 1983) pp. 195-200. 3 The Austrian Left and the Popular Front Martin Kitchen Although the Austrian Social Democratic Party tried everything possible to preserve party unity from the day of its founding congress at Hainfeld on New Year's Eve of 1889, this delicate balancing act had ceased to be effective by the final stages of the First World War as the Dual Monarchy began to fall apart and the question of 'reform or revolution', which had plagued the party for so long, no longer seemed to be purely theoretical.