By Stephen J. Farnsworth
The Nightly information Nightmare, 3rd variation, examines information assurance of presidential nomination and election campaigns from 1988 to 2008. The ebook makes a speciality of adjustments within the volume, tone, and concentration of stories assurance in those various electoral contexts. as well as community information, the authors learn on-line information, cable tv, speak radio, candidate crusade discourse in those election years. Farnsworth and Lichter locate that the scoop media, regardless of the big variety of retailers, have constant difficulties when it comes to equity and concentrate on great concerns instead of the horse-race reporting of the most recent polls. as well as the vast dialogue of the 2008 crusade, the 3rd variation bargains way more dialogue and facts concerning the use of other media, together with on-line content material, within the most up-to-date presidential election. The authors finish that on-line information had a few of the related difficulties present in mainstream information assurance.
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Additional resources for The Nightly News Nightmare: Media Coverage of U.S. Presidential Elections, 1988-2008
Conservatives were particularly troubled by media bias: 45 percent of Republicans viewed journalists as more biased than most people, as compared to 27 percent of Independents and 28 percent of Democrats (101). In a December 2000 Gallup poll, 65 percent believed reporters’ news stories were “often inaccurate,” up from 45 percent in a 1998 survey, 44 percent in 1989, and 34 percent in 1985 (Wayne 2003, 131). The November 2008 Pew postelection survey showed public frustration over the tone of media coverage, particularly among conservatives.
It wasn’t until the 2004 election cycle that Democratic primary candidate Howard Dean demonstrated the power of the Internet as a fundraising tool. In the 2004 general election online bloggers demonstrated their growing clout when they helped force CBS to retract a story claiming that George W. Bush had received preferential treatment in his National Guard duty during the Vietnam War. Still, it was not until 2008 that Barack Obama became the first presidential candidate to succeed in integrating online with traditional campaign tools, especially in his use of social media.
In 2000 cable news first surpassed the broadcast networks as a source of election news. In 2002 Fox News Channel, with its groundbreaking blend of populism and conservative opinion, became the most-watched cable network. By 2004 not only talk shows but late-night television comedians had become popular sources of campaign information. For the first time since the 1960s, however, the most lasting and far-reaching changes were taking place in a new medium of communication. During the 1990s email and the World Wide Web had begun to revolutionize the ways in which ordinary people obtained information and communicated with each other.