By Michelle Alexander
"Jarvious Cotton's great-great-grandfather couldn't vote as a slave. His great-grandfather was once overwhelmed to loss of life via the Klu Klux Klan for trying to vote. His grandfather was once avoided from vote casting by means of Klan intimidation; his father was once barred through ballot taxes and literacy checks. at the present time, Cotton can't vote simply because he, like many black males within the United States, has been categorized a felon and is presently on parole."
As the U.S. celebrates the nation's "triumph over race" with the election of Barack Obama, the vast majority of younger black males in significant American towns are locked at the back of bars or were categorized felons for all times. even if Jim Crow legislation were wiped off the books, an brilliant percent of the African American neighborhood is still trapped in a subordinate status--much like their grandparents ahead of them.
In this incisive critique, former litigator-turned-legal-scholar Michelle Alexander provocatively argues that we've got now not ended racial caste in the United States: we've easily redesigned it. Alexander exhibits that, by way of concentrating on black males and decimating groups of colour, the U.S. legal justice procedure capabilities as a modern procedure of racial keep an eye on, at the same time it officially adheres to the main of colour blindness. The New Jim Crow demanding situations the civil rights community--and all of us--to position mass incarceration on the leading edge of a brand new stream for racial justice in America.
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Extra info for The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness (Revised Edition)
Third, throw in an indecisive, indifferent, or complicitous circle of foremen and managers. Do all of these things and you have, as demonstrated elsewhere . . 19 The resulting “postmodern morality play” is called “hostile environment” sexual harassment. It raises two important questions: Why does the environment become so hostile in some workplaces? What should be done about it? The answers many contemporary experts on | 23 | The Starting Point the subject give are simple: American culture is deeply misogynist, and the cure for this behavior is lawsuits or the threat of lawsuits.
Columnist Robyn E. S. Department of Labor pamphlet, Sexual Harassment—Know Your Rights, that gives these examples of sexual harassment: “1. Someone said something sexual about how you look. 2. Someone made sexual jokes or said sexual things that you didn’t like. 3. ”32 And the EEOC Guidelines on Sexual Harassment (adopted November 1980 and revised in 1990) remain confusing. ”33 Media reports sometimes add to the confusion. 34 However, the Paula Jones lawsuit and President Clinton’s putative problems with what were presented to the public as other instances of sexual harassment, with Monica Lewinsky, Kathleen Willey, and others, in 1997 and early 1998 did contribute in a positive way to the honing of the popular definition of sexual harassment.
But on March 4, in its third unanimous decision on sexual harassment—this one written by Justice Antonin Scalia—the Supreme Court held that Joseph Oncale, who had not been allowed to bring suit in Louisiana for sexual harassment against an oil company and the members of its oil-rig crew who “had singled him out for crude sex play, unwanted touching and threats of rape,”20 should be allowed to bring charges of same-sex sexual harassment in the state’s courts. ”21 Legal authorities agreed that the decision was not intended to outlaw harassment because of sexual preference (which is not a federally protected category), but beyond that, opinions varied as to what it meant.