Download The Ideological Origins of the Batavian Revolution: History by I. Leonard Leeb (auth.) PDF

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By I. Leonard Leeb (auth.)

The "age of the democratic revolution" 1 within the Dutch Republic cul­ minated in revolutions : the aborted Patriot Revolution of 1787 and the extra profitable Batavian Revolution of 1795. For the United Provinces that age had started after a chain of crises in 1747 and led to the un­ precedented institution of a unmarried person within the workplace of leader government in all the part provinces. the hot shape which emerged from the overseas and household threats of midcentury used to be that of a hereditary Stadhouder in the home of Orange. That family members had served the Dutch kingdom in various capacities and with disparate effects from its inception within the insurrection of the 16th century, in the course of the triumphs of the Golden period, to the fewer wonderful days of the Periwig interval. The accession of William IV in 1747, his early dying by means of a long regency from 1752, and the accession of his son, William V, as "eminent head" of every province and leader officer of the Generality in 1766, all introduced forth renewed scrutiny of the relatives and the places of work of the Princes of Orange within the political lifetime of the Republic. those that have been most crucial of the recent powers of the Stadhouderate and so much desirous of decreasing the hazards they observed threatening the kingdom from the aggrandizement of that workplace, got here to usurp the approximately unique use of the hoary identify of Patriot.

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The States had to take in hand the authority which Leicester had long since surrendered. For the founding of this authority without the support of a German Prince, a French Duke, or an English Earl, a theory was needed. Francken supplied this, very briefly, in a manner which remained unsurpassed until Johan de Witt gave [itl what was necessary : the credo of the triumphing regent faction . Together with the Union of Utrecht it became the magna carta of the developing merchant republic". 14 For the detailed study of these developments, see R.

The famous Vriese Vrijheid (Frisian Liberty) had always included certain democratic elements, historical and mythical, in the unique local form of government based on the holding of enfranchised lands. Huber favored reform in this system. But he calls that reform best which most closely conforms to the original constitution of the state, cleansing the government of all corrupt and deleterious practices which have crept in. This idea of a return to primitive and purer conditions was an ancient one in religious and secular theory as speCUlation on the "state of nature" abundantly indicated.

Until 1727 he had been passed over as Raadpensionaris as too outspoken and five years later was named a member of the Council of State and Treasurer General of the United Provinces. These offices had given him the opportunity to take the broadest possible view of the political horizons and to become intimately familiar with the foreign relations of the Republic under William III and then with the glaring defects within the provinces after 1702. As a result, Slingelandt was and is renowned outside of his native land for his brilliant diplomatic career while Raadpensionaris.

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