Download The EU: An Obituary by John R. Gillingham PDF

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By John R. Gillingham

A significant account of the issues of the ecu Union—and why it has to go

The ecu Union is a besieged establishment. it really is suffering in useless to beat the eurozone main issue and faces an inflow of refugees now not visible due to the fact international conflict II. The Schengen contract is a lifeless letter, and Britain stands near to leaving altogether. the european is not worthy for the demanding situations of the arriving age of elevated worldwide festival and excessive tech. In sum, the force for an “ever-closer union” has set Europe at the fallacious direction: plunged it into melancholy, fuelled nationwide antagonisms, debilitated democracy, and speeded up decline. during this pithy, carefully argued e-book, major historian John Gillingham examines a as soon as nice thought that soured lengthy ago.

From its postwar origins, throughout the unmarried industry, to the worries of the current, Gillingham explains how Europe’s would-be govt grew to become a strength for anti-democratic centralization and inept policy-making. Brussels has encouraged a global of phantasm that now threatens to undo the undoubted achievements of integration. The european: An Obituary is an pressing name to the political Left, correct, and Centre to behave sooner than it truly is too past due.

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To complicate matters further, the EU also operates opportunistically outside such frameworks in a legal and institutional never-never land. Its development can be characterized as having been mutable, polymorphous, and refractory; as an organization the EU has consequently altered over time, assumed different forms and acquired new functions, yet nevertheless remains stubborn and resistant to change. This very formlessness may, paradoxically, be a source of long-term strength. If the EU has re-made itself before, it might be able to do so again.

They made a mockery of EU pretentions, condemned already faltering policies to failure, and launched a public assessment of the very need for it. The Volkswagen cheating scandal on standards of diesel emissions exposed the emptiness of Brussels’ claim to serve as the world’s conscience on climate policy and undermined its credibility as a regulator. Overshadowing this humiliation, the escalating refugee crisis provided stomach-churning evidence of the EU’s powerlessness in a field in which it asserted exclusive jurisdiction: internal European security.

Meanwhile, underlying political problems persisted in Brussels. The most serious of these was the elitist and undemocratic character of the new European institutions. Monnet’s successors would fail to deal with this legacy. CHAPTER 1 A Complicated Early History To appreciate the full significance of the epochal Schuman Plan announcement of 9 May 1950 – in retrospect the harbinger of the better days to come – one must begin with a reminder of the condition of Europe at the time. World War II had, of course, ended five years earlier, but memories of it were very much alive.

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