By Uma Lele
The Consultative team on foreign Agricultural learn (CGIAR) was once verified in 1971 to scale up years of attempt by means of the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations in aiding 4 overseas agricultural examine facilities in Colombia, Mexico, Nigeria and the Philippines. because the first international application to obtain delivers from the realm Bank’s web source of revenue, the CGIAR’s unique undertaking used to be a strategic, science-based specialise in expanding ''the pile of rice at the plates of food-short consumer.'' this present day it helps sixteen overseas facilities, and from an preliminary 18, its club has accelerated to sixty two, together with 24 constructing and transition economies.
The CGIAR at 31, a meta-evaluation of the CGIAR, reveals that CGIAR’s productivity-enhancing study has had mammoth affects on lowering poverty by way of expanding employment, elevating earning, reducing nutrients costs, and liberating land from cropping. besides the fact that, the CGIAR is dealing with large demanding situations. it really is much less concerned with bettering agricultural productiveness than it was once. The file unearths that CGIAR’s present mixture of actions displays neither its comparative virtue nor its middle competence. It additionally unearths that CGIAR has no longer replied sufficiently on the method point to the biotechnology revolution, the expanding significance of highbrow estate rights, and the expansion of personal zone learn.
The assessment makes numerous ideas to handle the demanding situations dealing with CGIAR, to augment CGIAR’s position in agricultural learn into the longer term.
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Extra resources for The Cgiar at 31: An Independent Meta-Evaluation of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
8 Second, the CGIAR has correctly responded to the genuine second-generation environmental pressures on soils and water created by the radical change in farming systems during the Green Revolution, where research continues to be needed. Third, the rise of environmentalism, the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, and growing environmental advocacy in donor countries led to rising demands on the CGIAR to respond to environmental concerns. Fourth, the failure of governments of developing countries and their donor supporters alike to make the necessary investments in developing countries’ own research, education, and development systems limited their ability to adapt CGIAR technologies to their own farming systems.
A combination of the convention on biodiversity, the World Trade Organization (WTO) rules, farmers’ and indigenous people’s rights, and the 2001 International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGR)—all relevant to the CGIAR’s large germplasm collection—have dramatically changed the intellectual property environment for the CGIAR. 1 The New World of Intellectual Property Rights “Over the last twenty years or so there has been an unprecedented increase in the level, scope, territorial extent and role of IPR protection.
Poor performance by NARS in some countries has drawn the CGIAR into developing local technologies. To provide System-level responses to the global IPR and biotechnology challenges, and to support a more effective network-based approach to developing technologies, the Third System Review (TSR) in 1998 had recommended adopting a corporate model with a legal entity. This was rejected by the membership in 1999. But in 2000, in response to the demand of the Bank’s Development Grant Facility (DGF) for increased diversification of funding for the System and the Secretariat and increased private sector partnerships, the CGIAR Board chairs and Center directors recommended a decentralized Federation of Centers.