By Pramod John R.
Preface to the second one Edition
I had written the 1st variation of the ebook, titled, ‘Essentials of Dental Radiology’ at a time whilst overseas textbooks have been flooding the industry and the scholars have been discovering it demanding to flick through the large volumes of those books in the course of their instruction section for the exam. The time constraint and the price issue have been negative for the common pupil to shop for most of these books.
I used to be tremendously inspired by means of the nice and cozy reception the ebook obtained which encouraged me to do the revision of the ebook. i've got extra many images and the complete textual content fabric has been edited and rewritten to fit the requirement of the readers.
I have additionally taken the precious inputs from and proposals obtained from the readers and publishers. it's my self belief that the recent appearance, presentation and structure of the booklet will be cherished by way of the readers. feedback for the development of the ebook and criticisms are whole-heartedly solicited.
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Preface to the second one Edition
I had written the 1st variation of the ebook, titled, ‘Essentials of Dental Radiology’ at a time while international textbooks have been flooding the industry and the scholars have been discovering it challenging to flick through the big volumes of those books in the course of their education section for the exam. The time constraint and the fee issue have been negative for the common pupil to shop for these kind of books.
I used to be drastically inspired by way of the nice and cozy reception the publication obtained which influenced me to do the revision of the booklet. i've got extra many images and the total textual content fabric has been edited and rewritten to fit the requirement of the readers.
I have additionally taken the precious inputs from and recommendations acquired from the readers and publishers. it's my self assurance that the recent appearance, presentation and layout of the ebook will be cherished through the readers. feedback for the development of the publication and criticisms are whole-heartedly solicited.
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Extend your talents within the swiftly growing to be box of laser dentistry! the recent moment version of ideas and perform of Laser Dentistry includes every thing you must find out about the newest laser approaches throughout all components of dentistry. With shiny medical pictures and easy-to-follow writing, Dr. Robert A.
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Additional resources for Textbook of Dental Radiology (2nd Edition)
This usually follows any trauma such as dental extraction carried out in an irradiated patient and subsequent infection of the socket due to decreased healing potential of the bone as a result of improper blood supply. Osteoradionecrosis occurs due to decreased capacity of the bone to resist infection. Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is defined as exposed irradiated bone that fails to heal over a period of three months (Fig. 3-2). The incidence of ORN is approximately about 10–15% following radiotherapy.
X-RADIATION X-radiation is a high-energy, ionizing electromagnetic radiation. X-rays have properties of being both waves and particles (particles or photons are bundles of energy without any mass or weight and traveling as waves) (Fig. 2-5). 24 Textbook of Dental Radiology Fig. 2-5: Wave-like nature of X-radiation X-rays are weightless bundles or wave packet of energy (photons) without an electrical charge and traveling in waveform with a specific frequency at the speed of light. A photon is equivalent to one quantum of energy.
Radiation Physics 19 Shell Number of electrons K L M N O P Q 2 8 18 32 50 72 98 Fig. 2-2: Electrons in the shell The electrons are held in place in the orbit by the electrostatic force (binding energy or binding force) between the positive nucleus and the negative electrons. The distance between the nucleus and the orbiting electrons determines the binding energy. The electrons in the K shell have a greater binding energy than the electrons in the outer shell. This binding energy is measured in electron-volts (eV) or kilo-electron-volts (keV).