By T. Kendall
This ebook offers a desirable account of the psycholinguistic and social components at the back of version in speech timing in US English. With certain discussions of its equipment and knowledge, it additionally acts as a necessary version for undertaking corpus (socio)phonetic examine.
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Additional resources for Speech Rate, Pause and Sociolinguistic Variation: Studies in Corpus Sociophonetics
9 syllables per second were obtained from speech uttered during interviews) while the range of pause time in relation to speech time was five times that of the rate of articulation. g. 1968: 26), what hearers perceive as changes in the rate of speech is primarily the result of changes in pausing by the speaker. This possible influence of pauses in the perception of speech rate requires an important clarification of terminology. I have thus far been discussing rate of speech in general terms (“rate” or “rate of speech” or “speech rate”).
With the reduction in the spontaneity of the process. g. Goldman-Eisler 1958, 1968) showed that much of spontaneous speech is “a highly fragmented and discontinuous activity” (1968: 31), that pauses are more likely and longer before words with less predictability and with more difficult speaking tasks, and that – in the terminology and conception of the time – pauses can be used “to sort out which parts of verbal sequences are verbal habits and which are being created at the time of speaking” (1968: 43).
They did find a significant difference for pause frequency, with Southern males having significantly more pauses than the other subjects (Midland males and females and Southern females). Byrd (1994) examined speaking rate in sentence readings across several regions of the US from the TIMIT database (Garofolo et al. 1993) and found that Southern and South Midland speakers had slower rates than other regions – largely as a result of having more pause time. While the longer pauses (and slower rate) of the South make sense in terms of the above discussions of “slow Southern speech,” Byrd also found that New York City had the next slowest rates, though this goes contrary to the common stereotype of fast-talking Northerners (and New Yorkers in particular).