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By Mark Tatham

This publication goals to boost a framework for an absolutely explanatory concept of speech construction and speech notion. It emphasises the variation among static types (primarily descriptive) and dynamic versions that try to exhibit how the fundamental linguistics and phonetics are comparable in a precise human speaker/listener.

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Example text

Vowels and consonants are abstract entities which it suits us to use in our characterisation of speech; this does not mean that they exist as physical entities in the soundwave itself. Similarly with the symbolic representations of the IPA or any other similar representation of speech. [ɑ] is not a sound, it is a symbolic representation of sound. This is why we are able to use a symbolic representation like [kip] or its orthographic equivalent keep, to represent all instantiated utterances of the word.

There are at least two possible places for the transformation: 1. before the cognitive/physical interface – this gives rise to an impossibly large number of permutations of control specifications to explain the subsequent uniqueness; 2. after the interface – this throws the burden of supplying the uniqueness onto the rendering process. Coarticulation: the Phenomenon 35 These positions have been adopted as follows: a. coarticulationists who believe the effects to be an active process reflecting deliberate distortion of targets favour the first approach; b.

It should not be too difficult to devise experiments which show the limits of passive coarticulation, but we do not know of any which effectively cast light on the problem. Adaptation Adaptation is the process invoked by some researchers when modelling coarticulation; it is a more detailed attempt to model LR coarticulation. That is, adaptation occurs when articulatory movement to a given target is changed because of the detail of the previous target. One or two researchers have however suggested that the process can be bi-directional.

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