By Boris Gasparov
The booklet pursues a usage-oriented technique of language description through infusing it with the significant thought of post-structural semiotics and literary idea - that of intertextual reminiscence. Its crucial declare is that each one new proof of language are grounded within the audio system' reminiscence of prior stories of utilizing language. it's a ""speech to speech"" version: each new truth of speech is visible as rising out of recalled fragments which are reiterated and manipulated even as. by means of an analogous token, the hot which means is usually superscribed on whatever frequent and recognizable as its (more or much less radical) alteration. The version deals how to describe the that means of language as an open-ended technique, the best way the which means of literary works is defined in smooth literary feedback. the elemental unit of the intertextual version is the Communicative Fragment (CF). A CF is a fragment of speech of any form, that means, and stylistic provenance, which audio system realize and, consequently, deal with as an entire. Its leader attributes are a prefabricated form, an crucial that means (i.e., perceived as a complete whose scope continuously is going past the analyzable), and a particular communicative ""texture"" alluding at a speech style, a tangible speech state of affairs, and profiles of the speaker and the implied addressee. even though a CF has a recognizable form, it's not as definitively set as that of desk bound linguistic indicators (words and morphemes). A CF could be tempered with, truncated or multiplied, tailored to and fused with different CFs. The ebook describes intimately standard units during which audio system manage their assets of linguistic reminiscence, whose ever-new constellations in speech create countless percentages for brand new adaptations and colours of which means. The ebook is of curiosity to linguists in such assorted fields as Cognitive Linguistics, discourse research, useful linguistics, l. a.
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Additional resources for Speech, Memory, and Meaning: Intertextuality in Everyday Language (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs)
Due to a constant exchange within the speakers’ community, the repertories of CFs 69 70 71 72 Fragmentariness 39 that accumulate in the memory of different individual speakers, although never identical, turn out to be compatible to a high degree; moreover, they continue to be adjusted and accommodated to each other as the process of the communicative exchange continues to evolve. CFs constitute a primary vocabulary that is at least as important for speakers’ knowledge of their language as the vocabulary of lexical units.
Literary allusions, for the most part, stand out in the text; they evoke if not a definitive source, at least a particular literary domain. But how many times, from whom, under what circumstances have we heard or read expressions like high risk, or measures to […]? The very indeterminacy of this type of intertextuality signifies the high degree of its suggestive potential. 6) (From Edelsky 1993: 197: a group discusses an article in the Sunday newspaper. The author’s system of transcription is retained: succeeding expressions are arranged vertically; the moments at which a remark by one of the participants is joined by another are marked with ligatures).
Many others will make only fleeting appearances in the speaker’s mind as he proceeds with his communicative effort. As a result, any phenomenon actually emerging in speech appears, in the minds of the ones who create or receive it, wrapped in an ethereal web of unrealized alternatives, cursory reminiscences, and rejected or lost opportunities. The fact that the unuttered reminiscent background of speech is always much richer than the actual communication gives the latter a high degree of flexibility.