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By Boris Gasparov

The publication pursues a usage-oriented technique of language description by way of infusing it with the crucial thought of post-structural semiotics and literary idea - that of intertextual reminiscence. Its significant declare is that every one new proof of language are grounded within the audio system' reminiscence of earlier reports of utilizing language. it's a ""speech to speech"" version: each new truth of speech is noticeable as rising out of recalled fragments which are reiterated and manipulated whilst. by means of an identical token, the recent that means is often superscribed on anything widely used and recognizable as its (more or much less radical) alteration. The version bargains how to describe the that means of language as an open-ended approach, the best way the that means of literary works is defined in smooth literary feedback. the fundamental unit of the intertextual version is the Communicative Fragment (CF). A CF is a fragment of speech of any form, which means, and stylistic provenance, which audio system realize and, subsequently, deal with as an entire. Its leader attributes are a prefabricated form, an crucial that means (i.e., perceived as an entire whose scope continually is going past the analyzable), and a selected communicative ""texture"" alluding at a speech style, a tangible speech scenario, and profiles of the speaker and the implied addressee. even supposing a CF has a recognizable form, it's not as definitively set as that of desk bound linguistic symptoms (words and morphemes). A CF should be tempered with, truncated or accelerated, tailored to and fused with different CFs. The publication describes intimately standard units wherein audio system manage their assets of linguistic reminiscence, whose ever-new constellations in speech create countless probabilities for brand spanking new adaptations and colours of that means. The publication is of curiosity to linguists in such varied fields as Cognitive Linguistics, discourse research, practical linguistics, los angeles

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Extra info for Speech, memory, and meaning : intertextuality in everyday language

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The intensity with which this linguistic product appeals to our linguistic resources, the variety of tasks with which it taxes our language experience are tremendous. ] feeds all point simultaneously: ritual exclamations of appreciation at the enormous size of the Thanksgiving turkey; the colossal statues of pagan antiquity, in particular that of the Golden Calf, as a symbol of a “dereligionized” communion; five loaves of bread from a story in Exodus that fed “all,” those “all” of the wandering tribe now posing as two hundred and fifty million Americans; and last but not least, the commercial formula one size fits all, and its association with the XXL size.

7). 44 The principle unit of speech vocabulary A more extensive list of such potential alternatives could easily comprise several dozen expressions. 8). In a majority of speech situations, speakers would not think twice before choosing such alternatives as to revive, or to resurrect; to revitalize, to reanimate, or to resuscitate; to restore, or to repair (the economy), etc. From the point of view of speech composition, these options come extremely close. To select one of them, the speaker has either to ponder over subtle semantic or stylistic consequences of his choice (so subtle indeed that they may well pass unnoticed), or to proceed haphazardly, picking whichever of the alternatives comes to mind first.

It evokes, with the same unre57 58 32 A coat of many colors flective immediacy with which the speaker recognizes its shape, a glimpse of a whole situation to which it is tied. Its generic parameters may include the character of the conversing parties, the genre and general tone of the discourse, potential topics to be raised, even some typical attributes of the physical environment. A single item of speech drawn from previous experience is capable of creating around itself a whole mental landscape into which it can be naturally accommodated.

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