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By Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

Oudeyer combines insights from neuroscience, evolutionary biology, and linguistics to discover questions on the origins of speech. He places ahead the startling concept that speech could be spontaneously generated by means of the coupling of evolutionarily uncomplicated neural constructions connecting conception and creation. He assessments this speculation via a computational process and indicates that the linking of auditory and vocal motor neural nets produces syntactic principles that convey the elemental homes of contemporary human speech structures. This interesting account will curiosity all these attracted to the evolution of speech.

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Extra info for Self-Organization in the Evolution of Speech (Studies in the Evolution of Language)

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G. the mechanisms involved in the formation of inorganic structures). There are certainly no universal principles which enable us rigorously to unite all self-organizing systems, but nevertheless a number of components do recur with some frequency: breaking of symmetry, tension between forces, positive feedback loops, the presence of attractors in dynamic systems, a flow of energy through dissipative structures, non-linearities and bifurcations, and noise. I will give two classical examples of systems which have this property of self-organization.

Due to the basilar membrane. 3) . Nerve cells called ‘hair cells’ are linked to this membrane to gather information about the stimulus. This information is passed by a network of fibres to the central nervous system. 2 Articulatory phonology How do the organs of the vocal tract control the flow of sound? What representations does our brain use to produce sounds? How is the connection between production and perception managed? These are the questions addressed by articulatory phonology (Browman and Goldstein, 1986).

4 schematizes the constriction variables along with the organs which can implement them. Each constricting organ can produce gestures whose constriction varies along two continuous dimensions: place and manner of articulation. e. the places in the vocal tract where the narrowing occurs, are: bilabial, dental, alveolar, palatal, velar, uvular, and pharyngeal. 5 gives further examples. g. g. g. [r]). 5. Places of constriction range between the larynx and the lips. e. they are vowels. When we speak, several gestures can be performed in parallel.

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