By Lisa Gitelman
We are living within the period of huge information, with garage and transmission means measured not only in terabytes yet in petabytes (where peta- denotes a quadrillion, or one thousand trillion). facts assortment is continuous or even insidious, with each click on and each "like" kept someplace for anything. This booklet reminds us that info is something yet "raw," that we will not ponder info as a usual source yet as a cultural one who should be generated, secure, and interpreted. The book's essays describe 8 episodes within the historical past of information from the predigital to the electronic. jointly they deal with such concerns because the ways in which other kinds of information and assorted domain names of inquiry are together defining; how info are variously "cooked" within the methods in their assortment and use; and conflicts over what can -- or cannot -- be "reduced" to facts. members speak about the highbrow historical past of information as an idea; describe early monetary modeling and a few strange assets for astronomical info; realize the prehistory of the database in newspaper clippings and index playing cards; and view modern "dataveillance" of our on-line conduct in addition to the complexity of medical information curation. Essay authors:Geoffrey C. Bowker, Kevin R. Brine, Ellen Gruber Garvey, Lisa Gitelman, Steven J. Jackson, Virginia Jackson, Markus Krajewski, Mary Poovey, Rita Raley, David Ribes, Daniel Rosenberg, Matthew Stanley, Travis D. Williams
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Isaac Newton, The Method of Fluxions and Infinite Series (London: 1736), xx. 15. In this vast literature, see, for example, Nicholson Baker, The Double Fold: Libraries and the Assault on Paper (New York: Vintage, 2002); Robert Darnton, The Case for Books (New York: PublicAffairs, 2009). 16. Jean-Baptiste Michel, Yuan Kui Shen, Aviva Presser Aiden, Adrian Veres, Matthew K. Gray, The Google Books Team, Joseph P. Pickett, Dale Hoiberg, Dan Clancy, Peter Norvig, Jon Orwant, Steven Pinker, Martin A.
The allied habit of seeing sure and clear mathematical rule under seeming vagary, of discovering universally applicable order in the real. . ”12 Just what this means for the nature of early modern mathematics requires the same tentative and skeptical approach as an attempt to divide narrative details from the mathematics they accompany. Given the procedural and conceptual strangeness of the narrative examples, the claim that contemporary readers would easily perceive underlying uniformity is fraught with difficulties.
On the usage of “data” in contemporary English, see American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 3rd ed. 37 38 Daniel Rosenberg Technical literature on the subject includes the following: Chaim Zins, “Conceptual Approaches for Defining Data, Information, and Knowledge,” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 58, no. 4 (2007): 479–493; Carter A. Daniel and Charles C. Smith, “An Argument for Data as a Collective Singular,” Business Communication Quarterly 45, no.