By R. Michael Alvarez
Even if balloting for his or her favorite pop singer or responding to a survey concerning the information, net clients have come to regard casual on-line polls as standard net furniture. Now, proponents of electoral reform are urging attention of distant net vote casting to figure out its most probably influence on American elections. Advocates argue that american citizens are compatible for net balloting on account that they're desirous to utilize new know-how and feature a excessive point of entry to the web. it might probably additionally elevate voter participation between kids and dealing americans, and yield a better-informed citizens. even if, many competitors of web vote casting bring up major matters concerning the defense of votes forged on-line, web accessibility throughout socioeconomic strains, and the civic results of creating balloting attainable on the click on of a button. This ebook bargains a pragmatic plan to place pilot distant net vote casting programmes into impression national. It addresses a few of the vital questions raised relating to defense, accessibility, and influence on American civic lifestyles. It examines numerous examples of distant balloting (Internet and in a different way) already in position in the USA, together with Oregon's vote-by-mail approach and on-line basic elections in Alaska and Arizona. This publication explores the ways that net vote casting may well modify the way forward for American elections.
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Extra resources for Point, Click and Vote: The Future of Internet Voting
CHAPTER 3 Representation and the Digital Divide T he 2000 presidential election clearly illustrated that small differences in the way elections are conducted can have important ramifications. They can affect the ability of voters to participate meaningfully in the electoral process; more important, they can create burdens that often are not shared equally by different groups of voters. As many recent studies have documented, —some types of voting system have higher rates of uncounted or spoiled ballots than other types.
21 They found that having to register to vote before election day is the greatest barrier to increased turnout. 22 As the deadline moves closer to election day, turnout is more likely to increase. 23 Even today, registration remains a significant barrier to high voter turnout. S. Census Bureau. That number is quite low, especially when considering that in response to a survey, some individuals, especially those with high socioeconomic status, do not admit to not being registered in order to give what they believe is the socially appropriate answer.
If Internet voting makes it easier or more interesting for REPRESENTATION AND THE DIGITAL DIVIDE 35 younger Americans to participate in politics, then younger Americans will be seen by their representatives as being an important component of their reelection constituency rather than as less important members of their geographic constituency. Changing the way in which elections are conducted thus can change the views represented in policymaking. Electoral systems play a key role in ensuring that elections result in effective representation, whether geographic, descriptive, or substantive.