By Ignazio Pandolfo, Silvio Mazziotti
Even though orthopantomography (OPT) is a truly usually hired radiological exam, even the specialist radiologist can stumble upon trouble in reporting the findings because of the explicit terminology, the character of the diagnostic queries, and the necessity to describe exactly the scientific implications for the dentist. also, artifacts are a widespread prevalence, and lots of radiologists and dentists are unexpected with their motives and options. Methodological inaccuracies through the execution of OPTs even have very important scientific implications. For all of those purposes, this richly illustrated monograph on decide units out to explain intimately various technical and methodological features of the exam, from photograph acquisition via to artifact iteration as a result of loss of adventure or malfunctioning. Possible suggestions are urged for all the most typical diagnostic and methodological difficulties. Emphasis is put on acceptable terminology and advice provided at the interpretation of findings in a number of stipulations, together with the most typical odontological difficulties. This e-book could be of serious worth to the radiologist in regimen interpretation and reporting of OPTs.
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Extra resources for Orthopantomography
Such alterations include idiopathic hypercementosis, which represents the entity of major relevance. It is an abnormal accumulation of cement in the root axis line whose nature and origin are not totally comprehended. Idiopathic hypercementosis must be distinguished from the secondary or reactive hypercementosis, which has been evaluated as an epiphenomenon of periodontal and alveolar flogistic processes (Fig. 40). Idiopathic hypercementosis, in addition to entailing an increase of the root density, is also the cause of its variable and sometimes significant volumetric growth (Fig.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 27(1):55–63 Pharoah MJ (1993) Imaging techniques and their clinical significance. Int J Prosthodont 6(2):176–179 Rout J, Brown J (2012) Ionizing radiation regulations and the dental practitioner: 1. The nature of ionizing radiation and its use in dentistry. Dent Update 39(3):191–192, 195–198, 201–203 Rout J, Brown J (2013) Object position and image magnification in dental panoramic radiography: a theoretical analysis. Dentomaxillofac Radiol 42:29951683 2 Normal Anatomy In OPT, the evaluation of the masticatory normal anatomy is different for subjects of paediatric age and adults.
The temporal muscle (t) inserts itself into the coronoid apophysis. (b) Radiogram which shows the main elements of the mandible: Letter ‘c’ stands for condyle; letters ‘ca’ stands for coronoid apophysis; the short arrows indicate the mandibular canal; the long arrow indicates the cortical roughness which is due to the insertion of the masseter muscle Fig. 10 The mylohyoid muscle ridge (indicated by arrows) is clearly visible Fig. 11 Anatomical photo which shows the entry foramen of the mandibular canal (indicated by long arrow).