By Karl A. Wittfogel
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Two times within the final century the customarily stalwart economic system of usa has crumbled—first in 1929, while the inventory marketplace crash that resulted in the good melancholy hit, and back with the monetary marketplace meltdown of 2008-2009 that remains crippling a lot of the United States. whereas it really is nonetheless too quickly to kingdom unequivocally how this most up-to-date financial catastrophe took place, it really is attainable to theorize that a lot of what has occurred might have been foreseen or even avoided—just because it might have been in 1929.
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Additional info for Oriental Despotism: A Comparative Study of Total Power
But th e bulkiness of all except the smallest sources of water supply creates a technical task which is solved either by mass labor or not at all. D. M U S T T H E H YD RA U L I C P O T E N T IA L B E ACTUALIZED? 1 . A N ' O P E N H I S T O R I C A L S I T U A T I O N- B U T R E C O G N I ZA B LE P ATT E R N S O F R E S P O N S E T HE stimulating contradiction inherent in a potentially hydraulic landscape is manifest. Such a landscape has an insufficient rainfall or none at all; but it possesses other accessible sources of water supply.
Naturally the question of inland navigation did not arise everywhere. Existing rivers and streams might be suitable for irrigation, but not for shipping (Pueblos, Chagga, H ighland Peru) ; or the ocean might prove an ideal means of transportation (Hawaii, Coastal Peru). In certain localities inland navigation was satisfactorily served by man managed rivers (Egypt , India) and lakes (Mexico) plus whatever ir rigation canals were large enough to accommodate boats (Meso potamia). But when supplementary V,latercourses were not only possible but desirable, the organizers of agrohydraulic works had little difficulty in utilizing their cooperative "apparatus" to make them available.
And since the remains point to relations between Hohokam and Meso-America, he believes that " the same factor may underlie the cultural develop ment in certain areas of western Meso-America during this period" (Armillas, 1948: i Oi). D. ). Palerm has stated that this climatic change may have caused "the emergence or extension of irrigation " in Meso-America (1955: 35). Increasing aridity could explain the appearance of concentrated populations and the spread of monumental building in Meso-America.