By Douglas A. Van Belle
This can be the 1st sustained comparative exam of the significance of media consciousness at the provision of financial tips, suggesting that the inside track media is a crucial medium for coverage makers to gauge capability household political pressures and therefore the necessity to be responsive or even anticipatory in addressing difficulties genuine or perceived. specific consciousness is paid to the responsiveness of bureaucracies, lengthy held to be one of the such a lot insulated associations of presidency. Cross-national in scope, this ebook appears to be like on the usa, the uk, Canada, France and Japan, facilitating a nuanced knowing of the interplay of overseas and family politics as mediated by means of the media.
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Extra resources for Media, Bureaucracies and Foreign Aid: A Comparative Analysis of the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, France and Japan
This analysis is, however, an indirect result of the responsiveness hypothesis and to test this hypothesis directly, a sufficient number of comparable foreign policy decisions for a single state are needed. It was in the search for a useful set of cases for the responsiveness analysis that the domestic political imperatives model became connected with foreign aid allocations. Despite the fact that the domestic imperatives model was initially applied to instances of conflict, the expectation of responsiveness to the content of the news media is not conflict-specific.
S. humanitarian intervention in Somalia, an argument that leaders respond to the news media in making foreign policy decisions is reasonably accepted in policy and research circles. However, most foreign policy models focus on national leaders, their choices, their interests and the forces that motivate them and in the foreign aid process leaders do not always play a central or even consistent role. In fact, depending on the specific domestic political structure of the donor and the specific aid program being examined, it is actually more likely that bureaucrats are the predominant actors in the allocation of foreign aid.
Significant lines of inquiry related to, or similar to the dynamics identified in the domestic imperatives model or in the subsequent operationalizations and extensions include: presidential efforts to manage the content of the media and how that relates to foreign policy (Herman, 1985; Hallin, 1986; Bennett, 1990); the impact foreign policy events have upon the content of the domestic news media (Brody and Shapiro, 1989; Brody, 1991, 1994) and how the news media influence foreign policy formulation or choice (Cutler, 1984; Larson, 1988, 1990; Serfaty, 1991; O’Heffernan, 1994; Bennett and Paletz, 1994; and Livingston and Eachus, 1995).