Download Landing Votes: Representation and Land Reform in Latin by Nancy D. Lapp (auth.) PDF

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  • April 21, 2017
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By Nancy D. Lapp (auth.)

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Extra resources for Landing Votes: Representation and Land Reform in Latin America

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As part of this coalition, the conservatives agreed to a moderate land reform and their congressional coalition passed the first democratic Chilean land reform in 1962, as well as an important constitutional amendment in 1963 which allowed for the payment of expropriated land with bonds. While the numbers affected by this reform were low, it was still important. Payment in bonds allows meaningful redistribution of land by the state; the previous requirement of prior compensation in cash curtailed the government’s actions because of financial limits.

Redemocratization presented a new generation of voters not restricted by literacy and property requirements who had turned 21 after 1948 and had never before voted in free and fair elections. Furthermore, the numbers of poor and illiterate citizens remained high; while the literacy rate had increased, over 25 percent of the total population over 15 years old was still illiterate (Vanhanen 1975, 242). Even with largely predetermined electoral outcomes between parties, electoral competition continued.

Aid. Again, land reform was not accomplished by an elected government in Brazil, which received substantial amounts of aid. S. aid actually went to the promotion of land reform. S. aid to Latin America went to agriculture between 1962 and 1968; of this amount, half went to commercial farmers. Only 15 percent went toward agrarian reform or its beneficiaries (King 1977, 47). S. aid during the 1960s did not have democratic land reforms. Land reforms in countries like Venezuela and Costa Rica were already passed or in the process of being formulated before the United States demonstrated its commitment to greater aid.

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