By Nancy D. Lapp (auth.)
Read or Download Landing Votes: Representation and Land Reform in Latin America PDF
Similar elections books
Expert pollster Jeffrey M. Stonecash combines 17 years of functional polling event with educational conception to teach how and why polling is finished and what the easiest methods are to profitable elections.
Cracked yet no longer Shattered completely analyzes Hillary Clinton's 2008 crusade for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination with a watch to making a choice on what went wrong-why, the frontrunner, she ended up now not breaking _the glass ceiling. _ even if her conversation was once wrong and the media assurance of her did replicate biases, those essays reveal how her crusade used to be in hassle from the beginning due to her gender, prestige as a former First girl, and being 1/2 a political couple.
This monograph bargains a scientific quantitative method of the research, overview, and layout of electoral structures. at the present time, electoral reform is of shock to child democracies in addition to many elderly ones. The authors use mathematical versions and automated tactics, while attainable, to resolve many of the difficulties that come up within the comparability of latest platforms in addition to within the building of latest ones.
This publication analyzes useful and ethical affects on balloting judgements. Undermining the common assumption that fiscal self-interest is the major determinant of balloting offerings, it discovers that ethical issues rooted in spiritual traditions are usually the extra decisive. This discovering is proven via a detailed research of actual difficulties, akin to baby forget and crime, difficulties which one could count on to bother useful citizens.
Extra resources for Landing Votes: Representation and Land Reform in Latin America
As part of this coalition, the conservatives agreed to a moderate land reform and their congressional coalition passed the first democratic Chilean land reform in 1962, as well as an important constitutional amendment in 1963 which allowed for the payment of expropriated land with bonds. While the numbers affected by this reform were low, it was still important. Payment in bonds allows meaningful redistribution of land by the state; the previous requirement of prior compensation in cash curtailed the government’s actions because of financial limits.
Redemocratization presented a new generation of voters not restricted by literacy and property requirements who had turned 21 after 1948 and had never before voted in free and fair elections. Furthermore, the numbers of poor and illiterate citizens remained high; while the literacy rate had increased, over 25 percent of the total population over 15 years old was still illiterate (Vanhanen 1975, 242). Even with largely predetermined electoral outcomes between parties, electoral competition continued.
Aid. Again, land reform was not accomplished by an elected government in Brazil, which received substantial amounts of aid. S. aid actually went to the promotion of land reform. S. aid to Latin America went to agriculture between 1962 and 1968; of this amount, half went to commercial farmers. Only 15 percent went toward agrarian reform or its beneficiaries (King 1977, 47). S. aid during the 1960s did not have democratic land reforms. Land reforms in countries like Venezuela and Costa Rica were already passed or in the process of being formulated before the United States demonstrated its commitment to greater aid.