By Jane B. Sprott
For over a century, as ladies have fought for and gained larger freedoms, obstacle over a plague of girl criminal activity, in particular between younger women, has undefined. worry of this crime wave—despite a chronic loss of proof of its existence—has performed a decisive position within the improvement of the formative years justice platforms within the usa and Canada. Justice for women? is a finished comparative research of how those nations have replied to the hysteria over “girl crime” and the way it has affected the remedy of either ladies and boys. Tackling a century of ancient proof and crime information, Jane B. Sprott and Anthony N. Doob conscientiously hint the evolution of methods to the therapy of younger offenders. trying to hold youths out of grownup courts, either international locations have outfitted their structures round rehabilitation. yet, as Sprott and Doob exhibit, the parable of the “girl crime wave” ended in a punitive procedure the place teens are dragged into courtroom for minor offenses and ladies are punished way more seriously than boys. Thorough, well timed, and persuasive, Justice for women? may be important to an individual operating with youths.
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Extra resources for Justice for Girls? Stability and Change in the Youth Justice Systems of the United States and Canada
We will be relying in large part on arrest data, but will also look at self-reported oﬀending. 2. Trends in estimates of the amount of crime apparently attributable to girls and boys. 3. Trends in the use of court for girls and boys. These data need to be thought of as being quite diﬀerent from “crime” data because large numbers of youths are dealt with informally rather than being brought to court. Girls’ and Women’s Involvement in Oﬀending One of the most obvious facts about crime is that males are greatly overrepresented as oﬀenders.
S. S. courts (National Center for Juvenile Justice [NCJJ], 2006). The sample of juvenile courts that provide data to the Juvenile Court Statistics series varies somewhat from year to year, and thus national estimates (rounded to the nearest 100th) are computed (Puzzanchera and Kang, 2007). The unit of count used in these court data is the number of cases disposed. A “case” is deﬁned as a youth processed by a juvenile court on a new referral, regardless of the number of law violations contained in the referral.
The “convergence” for boys and girls on this oﬀense (as with the rates for all oﬀenses, shown in ﬁg. 16) is due to changes in the treatment of boys, not to changes in girls’ behavior or in the treatment of girls. In Canada, the rate of convictions for breaking and entering has been relatively stable for girls (as in the United States) and has declined for boys (see ﬁg. 20). Once again, girls are much less likely than boys to be in court. From Sugar and Spice to Snips and Snails? 21 shows the rate at which boys and girls were found guilty of thefts.