Download Islam and Mammon: The Economic Predicaments of Islamism by Timur Kuran PDF

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By Timur Kuran

The doctrine of "Islamic economics" entered debates over the social function of Islam within the mid-twentieth century. considering that then it has pursued the objective of restructuring economies in keeping with perceived Islamic teachings. past its such a lot obvious functional achievement--the institution of Islamic banks intended to prevent interest--it has promoted Islamic norms of monetary habit and based redistribution structures modeled after early Islamic economic practices.

In this daring and well timed critique, Timur Kuran argues that the doctrine of Islamic economics is simplistic, incoherent, and principally inappropriate to provide financial demanding situations. watching that few Muslims take it heavily, he additionally unearths that its sensible functions have had no discernible results on potency, progress, or poverty aid. Why, then, has Islamic economics loved any charm in any respect? Kuran's solution is that the genuine goal of Islamic economics has no longer been financial development yet cultivation of a special Islamic id to withstand cultural globalization.

The Islamic subeconomies that experience sprung up around the Islamic international are typically considered as manifestations of Islamic economics. in fact, Kuran demonstrates, they emerged to satisfy the industrial aspirations of socially marginalized teams. The Islamic firms that shape those subeconomies supply development possibilities to the deprived. by means of improving interpersonal belief, in addition they facilitate intragroup transactions.

These findings increase the query of no matter if there exist hyperlinks among Islam and financial functionality. Exploring those hyperlinks on the subject of the long-unsettled query of why the Islamic international grew to become underdeveloped, Kuran identifies a number of pertinent social mechanisms, a few important to financial improvement, others damaging.

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The potential yield is indeed considerable. 112 But this estimate overlooks the huge problem of evasion. In any case, turning zakat into a major equalizer requires more than raising its yield. It is necessary also to increase the share of the proceeds channeled to the poor. The latter objective requires the development of auditing systems as well as the establishment of social and legal sanctions for diverting funds away from the poor. The existing state-administered systems might be defended on the grounds that similar problems afflict many other official transfer programs.

16 16:31 16 • Chapter One Denunciations of the Anti-Interest Campaign and the Islamist Defense The controversy over interest rages on. Expositors without practical experience in banking tend to insist on the necessity of eliminating interest, but they are divided as to whether Islamic banking, as it exists, is genuinely Islamic. 54 Each of these positions draws fire from Su¨leyman Uludag˘ in a 1988 treatise that employs an Islamic form of expression and draws heavily on Islamic classics. Those who insist on banning interest are ignorant, he says, of Islamic history and guilty of misinterpreting the Qur'an, which bans not interest but usury, or exorbitant interest.

Neither classical nor medieval Islamic civilization featured banks in the modern sense, let alone “Islamic” banks. Classical Islamic jurisprudence produced elaborate rules to regulate financial transactions among individuals. 43 Medieval Islamic civilization produced no organizations that could pool thousands of people’s funds, administer them collectively, and then survive the death of their managers. The financial rules of Islam remained frozen up to modern times, precluding the formation, except outside Islamic law, of durable partnerships involving large numbers of individuals.

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