By Sonia Frota, Pilar Prieto
This e-book deals the 1st finished description of the prosody of 9 Romance languages that takes into consideration inner dialectal version. groups of specialists learn the prosody of Catalan, French, Friulian, Italian, Occitan, Portuguese, Romanian, Sardinian, and Spanish utilizing the Autosegmental Metrical framework of intonational phonology and the Tones and Breaks Indices (ToBI) transcription procedure.
The chapters all percentage a standard method, in line with a typical Discourse crowning glory job questionnaire, and supply broad empirical information. The authors then examine how intonation styles interact with different grammatical potential comparable to syntactic structures and discourse debris within the linguistic marking of a assorted set of sentence forms and pragmatic meanings throughout Romance languages. The ToBI prosodic platforms and annotations proposed for every language are dependent either on a phonological research of the objective language in addition to at the shared target of utilizing ToBI analyses which are similar throughout Romance languages. This publication will pave the best way for extra systematic typological comparisons of prosody throughout either Romance and non-Romance languages.
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17 Waveform, spectrogram, and F0 contour of the conﬁrmation-seeking yes/no question Vale, ¿rodeo la estatua del rey Jaime? 18 Waveform, spectrogram, and F0 contour of the statement of the obvious ¡Pues, Málaga! ’ and of the counterexpectational echo question ¿Málaga? 19 Waveform, spectrogram, and F0 contour of the wh-question ¿Dónde está tu gasolinera? 20 Waveform, spectrogram, and F0 contours of four types of wh-question with the text ¿Quién ha venido? 22 Waveform, spectrogram, and F0 contours of request ¡(Venga,) bebe la limonada!
G. Blum-Kulka et al. 1989; Billmyer and Varghese 2000; Félix-Brasdefer 2010). The DCT method is an inductive method of data elicitation in which the researcher presents the subject with a series of everyday situations (such as “You go into a shop you have never been in before and ask the shop assistant if they sell tangerines”) and then asks him/her to respond accordingly. Crucially, the DCT methodology allows researchers to control for the contextual/discourse background information as well as for the speciﬁc pragmatic meanings expressed by the elicited utterances or intonation contours.
18 Waveform, spectrogram, and F0 contour of the counterexpectational echo yes/no question Spui că Mario candidează ca primar? 19 Waveform, spectrogram, and F0 contour of the conﬁrmation-seeking yes/no question Ţi-e frig? 20 Waveform, spectrogram, and F0 contour of the conﬁrmation-seeking yes/no question Vei veni să mănânci, nu? 21 Waveform, spectrogram, and F0 contour of the information-seeking wh-question Cât e ora? 22 Waveform, spectrogram, and F0 contour of the echo wh-question reﬂecting a failure in understanding M-aţi întrebat unde mă duc?