By STANLEY KELLEY
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The election of 1960, the closest election by conventional measures in this century, was not so close in these terms as Nixon's landslide. 1 IO 15 DEMOCRATIC Distribution of Respondents over Net Scores that commitment to candidates was weaker in 1972 than in 1964 as measured not just by net score but by other indices as well. The high proportion of weakly committed voters in 1972 reflects in part the number of McGovern supporters whose preferences for him were lukewarm. 1 and the tables just examined re mains.
ISSUES AND OUTCOMES 45 scheme of classification can be equally valuable from all points of view. Great specificity in categories may lead one to lose sight of common themes that recur election after election; great generality obscures what respondents actually said. In analyzing the elections of 1964 and 1972 I relate respondents' likes and dislikes to the issues that figured in political com mentary and campaign propaganda at the time; the result is a set of forty categories and subcategories for each election.
Hempel. Aspects of Scien tific Explanation (New York: The Free Press, 1965), p. 234. 14 A THEORY OF VOTING but one can easily see why many voters might tend to follow such a procedure much of the time. Consider, first, the kinds of things—the honesty of candidates or their stands on issues of policy—that figure as considerations in voting. While it is extremely hard to assign a precise importance to such matters in utiles or in any other unit of measurement, the mind can construct a set of considerations that strike us as roughly com parable.