By Ramon Albajes, Maria Lodovica Gullino, Joop C. van Lenteren, Yigal Elad
This ebook is principally directed in the direction of postgraduate scholars and execs within the box of study and implementation of built-in pest and illness administration programmes in greenhouse plants. After offering the key pests and illnesses that have an effect on greenhouse vegetable and decorative vegetation, numerous chapters take care of the instruments for designing and imposing IP&DM in secure cultivation with specific emphasis on organic regulate. present implementation and the way forward for IP&DM within the most vital secure vegetation world-wide are awarded within the concluding chapters.
secure cultivation is practised in lots of thousands of hectares in the course of the global lower than fairly diversified social, financial and technical stipulations. Contributions to the e-book mirror this sort of variety of events: from the high-technology glasshouses of northern Europe and the USA to the easy plastic tunnels of the Mediterranean sector and temperate jap Asia. moreover, the editors have entrusted every one bankruptcy to authors whose task and views will be complementary: pathologists and entomologists, from inner most and public sectors, and from differentiated geographical areas. most likely no publication released up to now has provided this type of various but built-in method of pest and affliction regulate in greenhouse plants.
The ebook originated from a world path taught on the overseas Centre for complex Mediterranean Agronomic reviews in Zaragoza, Spain. The authors are experts from universities, examine associations and corporations in Europe, the USA, Asia, Africa and Oceania.
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Additional resources for Integrated Pest and Disease Management in Greenhouse Crops
Luteovirus Genus Description, Transmission, Host Range, Diseases and Economic Importance. There are a number of yellowing diseases transmitted in nature by aphids that are caused by viruses in the Luteovirus genus. This is the case of beet western yellows (BWYV) and cucurbit aphid-borne yellows (CABYV) viruses. Viral particles are 25–30 nm icosahedral, and encapsidate a monopartite, single stranded, messenger sense RNA genome. Transmission in nature is by aphids in a circulative, nonpropagative, persistent manner.
Although these changes are ultimately intended to reduce production costs and maximize profits, precise environmental and nutritional control that pushes plants to new limits of growth and productivity can generate chronic stress conditions, which are difficult to measure, but are apparently conducive to diseases caused by pathogens such as Penicillium spp. or Pythium spp. (Jarvis, 1989). Some soil substitutes and soilless systems do not always provide sufficient competition for pathogens, due to their limited microflora.
Some of these species have been further reviewed in the text. 1. APHID-TRANSMITTED VIRUSES Cucumber Mosaic Virus (CMV) Description. CMV is the type species of the genus Cucumovirus of the family Bromoviridae of plant viruses. CMV virions are 29 nm icosahedrical particles that 20 CHAPTER 2 VIRAL DISEASES 21 22 CHAPTER 2 encapsidate a single-stranded RNA genome of messenger sense divided in three molecules, RNA 1, 2 and 3 ( and daltons, respectively). Some CMV isolates encapsidate an additional small RNA called satellite RNA daltons), that depends on virus for replication, encapsidation and movement.