By United Nations
The newly revised 3rd version of the guide presents an in depth reference for the implementation of legislation, coverage and perform to advertise and safeguard the rights of youngsters. It brings jointly lower than each one article an research of the Committee at the correct of the Childs growing to be interpretation in the course of its first fourteen years and exam of over three hundred of its Concluding Observations following attention of States stories. The instruction manual additionally offers a concise description of the function, strength and systems, and constructing actions of the Committee and its appendices comprise a consultant to similar UN our bodies and texts of key tools.
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Additional info for Implementation Handbook for the Convention on the Rights of the Child
The wording leaves the starting point of childhood open. Is it birth, conception, or somewhere in between? Had the Convention taken a position on abortion and related issues, universal ratification would have been threatened. For the purposes of the Convention, childhood ends at the 18th birthday unless, in a particular State, majority is achieved earlier. DEFINITION OF THE CHILD Summary 1 –> Table of Contents In its reporting guidelines, the Committee asks States Parties for information on the definition of the child in domestic legislation and to specify any differences between boys and girls.
On some issues, the Convention sets a clear line: no capital punishment or life imprisonment without the possibility of release for those under the age of 18 (article 37); no recruitment into the armed forces or direct participation in hostilities for those under the age of 15 (article 38 and see Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict, page 659). On other issues, States The Committee has emphasized that, when States define minimum ages in legislation, they must do so in the context of the basic principles within the Convention, in particular the principle of non-discrimination (article 2, for example challenging different marriage ages for boys and girls), as well as the principles of best interests of the child (article 3) and the right to life and maximum survival and development (article 6).
Sexual consent In most countries, a minimum age is set below which children are judged incapable of consenting to any form of sexual activity with others. The definition of sexual abuse and exploitation includes not only conduct involving violence or other forms of coercion, but also all sexual conduct with a child below a certain age, even when it was or appeared to be consensual (see also article 19, page 257 and article 34, page 523). Consequently sexual intercourse with a child below the age of consent renders the perpetrator automatically liable to the charge of rape.