Download Illusion Systems 2 by Paul Osborne PDF

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By Paul Osborne

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For example, two-thirds of the 1996 congressional donors reported contacting at least one member of Congress in the previous two years and one-sixth reported six or more such contacts. In contrast, less than one-third of general donors, one-seventh of voters, and one-twentieth of nonvoters reported a contact of any kind with a member of Congress (data not shown). Major donors routinely contribute to a variety of candidates and committees. 3 shows, two-thirds of 1988 presidential and three-quarters of 1996 congressional contributors reported regular and extensive giving.

The remaining 60 percent ($77 million) also must have consisted of contributions under $200. 4 million (64 percent of total individual contributions) under $500. 5). In 1992, these same committees spent $409 million. This represents a 52 percent increase in federal disbursements for the party committees. The Democrats were responsible for spending $214 million, an increase of over 36 percent compared to 1992. As with receipts, however, the Republicans outspent the Democrats with a total of $409 million in federal disbursements.

Fully 16 percent of those who gave to moderate incumbent Democrats were themselves Republicans, as were 13 percent of those who gave to liberal incumbents. Similar patterns occurred for giving across ideological lines. Almost one-tenth of all donations to conservative incumbent Republicans came from liberal donors, and more than one-tenth of contributions to liberal Democratic incumbents came from conservatives. There are many reasons for donors to cross party and ideological lines when contributing to congressional candidates.

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