By Mark N. Gasson, Eleni Kosta, Diana M. Bowman
Human details and communique know-how (ICT) implants have constructed for a few years in a scientific context. Such purposes became more and more complicated, at times enhancing basic mind functionality. this present day, relatively low-tech implants are being more and more hired in non-therapeutic contexts, with purposes starting from using ICT implants for VIP access into nightclubs, computerized funds for items, entry to safe amenities and for people with a excessive possibility of being abducted. Commercialisation and growing to be power of human ICT implants have generated debate over the moral, criminal and social points of the know-how, its items and alertness. regardless of stakeholders calling for higher coverage and criminal simple task inside of this quarter, gaps have already all started to emerge among the economic fact of human ICT implants and the present felony frameworks designed to control those items. This ebook makes a speciality of the most recent technological advancements and at the felony, social and moral implications of the use and extra program of those technologies.
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Additional info for Human ICT Implants: Technical, Legal and Ethical Considerations
The VeriChip implant is a small passive (RFID) tag which stores a unique identification (ID) number. 1 The ID number contains enough digits so as to potentially uniquely identify everybody in the world. No data about the owner per se is stored on the device, instead the ID number points to a corresponding entry in a centralised database. The first commercial application—aptly named the VeriMed—was designed for the health care sector. An authorised user including, for example, a doctor, could access a patient’s medical data on the VeriMed database (note that the VeriMed database is unlikely to comprise a patient’s entire medical record) through a 1 The VeriChip has been designed to operate at a distance of about 10 cm with a handheld reader and 50 cm with a door reader but cannot operate over very large distances.
G. ultra-wideband) for applications such as tracking children or prisoners. 7 These will be further investigated in the Chap. 5. Appendix Case studies: The safe gun and access control for special rooms Bernhard Anrig and Claude Fuhrer Case study one: The safe gun The ‘Smart Gun’ or ‘Personalized Gun’ is a concept gun that aims to reduce the misuses of guns by children and/or felons by using RFID tags or other proximity devices, fingerprint recognition or magnetic rings. 8 The goal of the smart guns is to prevent the misuses of the weapon in events such as, for example, teenager suicides, unlawful homicides, and also prevent a stolen gun being used against a police officer during an operation.
This chapter explores the state-of-the-art of invasively implantable medical technologies and shows how cutting edge research is feeding into devices being developed in a medical context. Here, the focus of the analysis is on four technologiespacemakers and cardiac defibrillators, cochlear implants, deep brain stimulators and brain computer interfaces for sight restoration. R. Tadeusiewicz Á P. pl R. pl M. N. uk M. N. Gasson et al. C. ASSER PRESS, The Hague, The Netherlands, and the author(s) 2012 41 42 R.