By Rasmus Kleis Nielsen
Political campaigns at the present time are gained or misplaced within the so-called flooring war--the strategic deployment of groups of staffers, volunteers, and paid part-timers who paintings the telephones and canvass block by way of block, residence via apartment, voter via voter. Ground Wars provides an in-depth ethnographic portrait of 2 such campaigns, New Jersey Democrat Linda Stender's and that of Democratic Congressman Jim Himes of Connecticut, who either ran for Congress in 2008.
Rasmus Kleis Nielsen examines how American political operatives use "personalized
political communication" to interact with the citizens, and weighs the consequences of flooring conflict strategies for a way we comprehend political campaigns and what it capability to take part in them. He exhibits how floor wars are waged utilizing assets way past these of a given candidate and their employees. those comprise allied curiosity teams and civic institutions, party-provided technical infrastructures that make the most of huge databases with certain individual-level details for focusing on electorate, and armies of committed volunteers and paid part-timers. Nielsen demanding situations the suggestion that political communique in the US needs to be tightly scripted, managed, and carried out through a decide on coterie of pros. but he additionally quashes the romantic concept that canvassing is a purer type of grassroots politics. In today's political flooring wars, Nielsen demonstrates, even the main ordinary-seeming volunteer knocking at your door is sponsored up via high-tech concentrating on applied sciences and social gathering services. Ground Wars reveals how custom-made political verbal exchange is profoundly influencing electoral results and reworking American democracy.
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Extra resources for Ground Wars: Personalized Communication in Political Campaigns
The child labor campaigns brought women into common cause with other reformers, giving them valuable experience in organizing for reform purposes. As a result of these campaigns, women pushed for other needs of children, such as the creation of juvenile courts, the establishment of reform schools, and the improvement of the public schools. Women also participated in organized charity movements, which by the end of the first decade of the twentieth century began to put greater stress on casework, surveys, and organization.
These women established a settlement school for women and children, created a reform school for black boys, visited the jails and prisons, and formed mothers' clubs. They were able to initiate long-lasting educational and social service programs for poor and uneducated blacks. In addition to these interests, black women always placed a strong emphasis on pride of race, on the defense of the black community and home, and on race advancement. Black women demonstrated that they had the motivations and skills to contribute to the improvement of conditions within the black community.
Jail visiting, if only to hold a prayer meeting, had the effect of calling women's attention to serious evils in the prison system. Men, women, and children frequently occupied common and squalid prison quarters in the late nineteenth century. Prostitutes, elderly drunks, felons, and young children might share a single cell. Prison work was slowest to move beyond the gospel temperance syndrome in the South. 31 Prison work attracted the energies of the most prominent women's leader of the state, Julia S.