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By Victoria M. Siu

The backyard of excellent Brightness (Yuanming Yuan) within the western suburbs of the Qing capital, Beijing, used to be all started by way of the good Kangxi (r. 1661–1722) and multiplied through his son, Yongzheng (r. 1722–1735) and taken to its maximum glory by way of his grandson, Qianlong (r. 1736–1796). A lover of literature and artwork, Qinglong sought a mundane mirrored image of his greatness in his Yuanming Yuan. for a few years he designed and directed an problematic software of backyard preparations. Representing generations of painstaking learn, this ebook follows the emperor as he governed his empire from inside of his backyard. In a panorama of lush vegetation, synthetic mountains and lakes, and colourful constructions, he sought to symbolize his wealth and gear to his different topics and to the realm at huge. Having been looted and burned within the mid-nineteenth century by means of western forces, it now lies in most cases in ruins, however it was once the world’s such a lot intricate backyard within the eighteenth century. The backyard steered an entire set of concepts—religious, philosophical, political, creative, and popular—represented in panorama and structure. simply as bonsai portrays a backyard in miniature, the imperial Yuanming Yuan on the top of its beauty represented the Qing Empire in microcosm.

Includes sixty two colour plates and 35 black & white pictures.

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Extra info for Gardens of a Chinese Emperor: Imperial Creations of the Qianlong Era, 1736-1796

Example text

Therefore, we must come to worship them [the ancestors] on the first and fifteenth day of each month, and all princes must compare among themselves who comes first [to the Shrine]. There are double services of the gold sacrificial instruments and vessels, and the flutes and lanterns are of white nephrite. Our ancestors will protect us for ten thousand years and will make us good and courageous. 6 Place by Rocks and Streams (Zuoshi Linliu) with Shared Joy Garden (Tongle Yuan). (Siu family collection).

There are double services of the gold sacrificial instruments and vessels, and the flutes and lanterns are of white nephrite. Our ancestors will protect us for ten thousand years and will make us good and courageous. 6 Place by Rocks and Streams (Zuoshi Linliu) with Shared Joy Garden (Tongle Yuan). (Siu family collection). From this imperial poem, we see how the Qianlong emperor expressed respect and filial piety for his imperial ancestors through the prominent architecture of this shrine and its rich furnishings.

Afterward he conducted some in-motion viewing of an unnamed venue by sleigh, he returned to Nine Continents. In contrast, on the twenty-eighth day, the Clothing Records note the emperor first departed by warmed palanquin to the Garden of Everlasting Spring to greet his mother and to personally escort her to the Front Garden. By warmed palanquin again, he went to the audience hall to view the Pinched (or Twisted) Sea Turtle Mountain before breakfasting, and then administered affairs at the Diligence in State Affairs Hall.

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