By Thomas Carson
The Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. fiscal background bargains to scholars accomplished assurance of yank fiscal historical past from the Paleolithic Age to the current with an emphasis at the 19th and 20th centuries. the themes chosen for inclusion by means of our board of advisors were selected to help such a lot textbooks on American historical past, and this paintings may be a useful gizmo for juniors and seniors in highschool and primary- and second-year students who're starting an research of the topic. the scholar will locate articles at the Aztec, Maya, and Inca, simply because many texts start with a bankruptcy at the early historical past of our southern friends. The historical past of local american citizens has additionally been integrated, so articles are available on Mound developers, Plains Indians, 5 Civilized Tribes, the path of Tears and lots of different themes. winning ladies and minority leaders also are to be stumbled on. there's, after all, a wealth of fabric at the upward push of the us as an business strength. awesome inventors, hard work unionizers, robber barons, reformers, political leaders, and brands of goods as disparate as Colt revolvers and smooth software program can all be discovered on those pages.
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Although some observers call for the United States to cancel its debts, others like President Calvin Coolidge refuse to consider this measure and expect full repayment. This, plus high tariffs and an isolationist attitude of seeking to avoid involvement in Europe’s problems, reduce the ability of the United States to play a constructive role in the growing European political crisis of the 1930s. 1931: The Scottsboro affair, in which eight African American teenagers are sentenced to death for supposedly raping two white women on a boxcar in which they were all traveling, creates controversy.
S. economic and military strength, embarks on a world tour, including Japan. Woodrow Wilson, running under the slogan of the New Freedom, bests both Republican William Howard Taft and Theodore Roosevelt, who runs under the slogan of New Nationalism and the banner of the newly formed Bull Moose Progressive Party. 1907: Oklahoma becomes the 46th state to join the Union. the Union. 1912: Arizona joins the Union. 1907: Congress passes the Pure Food and Drug Act. 1913: The Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution 1908: Henry Ford begins production of the Model T automobile.
A volunteer army of International Brigades, including the 3,000 Americans in the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, travel to Spain to ﬁght, but although they suffer high casualties (about a third of the Americans die in Spain), the Franco rebellion overwhelms its opposition. 1939: Fearing that the west European powers are 1936: Germany reoccupies the Rhineland, which France 1939: Germany invades Poland. World War II begins has held since World War I. S. Supreme Court, Roosevelt proposes to expand the size of the court, which would have allowed him to appoint a number of new justices.