By Ron Field
This identify explores the contribution made via settlers, explorers, investors and goldseekers of varied countries to the nascent structure of the West Coast of the us. In doing so, it charts the development westwards of these who claimed new land as their very own, and defended it with forts and blockhouses, and the ensuing conflicts with indigenous local American peoples. full of distinctive illustrations, this booklet presents a desirable learn of the westward increase of recent the US, and covers websites similar to fortress element on the front to San Francisco Bay, the Presidio of San Francisco, citadel Guijarros in San Diego, California, citadel Humboldt in Eureka, California, Sutter's citadel, the 19th-century agricultural and exchange colony in California, and fortress Vancouver nationwide historical web site in Washington and Oregon.
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Additional info for Forts of the American Frontier 1776-1891: California, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska (Fortress)
One of the earliest military posts in northern California, Fort Reading was named after Major Pierson B. Reading, paymaster of the California Volunteers during the Mexican–American War and pioneer settler in California. ” Often flooded during the rainy season, its main buildings consisted of adobe arranged around a small parade ground, with log and wood-frame structures spread south along the riverbank. ” Although the garrison was withdrawn in 1856, the post was intermittently occupied until 1867, when it was finally abandoned.
The elements took their toll on the occupants of trade forts. The weight of snow could collapse buildings, and gale-force winds could damage stockade walls and bastions. Although the dwellings inside Fort Nez Perces were stoutly built, with wooden walls about 6in. thick, their roofs were prone to leakage when it rained as the pitch on their split cedar roofs was too low, allowing water to seep through the straw-and-mud covering. During mealtimes in a trade fort, separate tables were laid for officers and laborers.
By the end of March 1856, Colonel Silas Casey, 9th Infantry, who had arrived in Puget Sound at the beginning of the year to take command of Fort Steilacoom, had established Fort Slaughter, which consisted of a blockhouse, storehouses, and a hospital on Muckleshoot Prairie, about 25 miles south of Seattle. During this same period, a detachment led by Captain Erasmus D. ” Regarding log blockhouses in California, the first permanent settler in the Napa Valley, thanks to a Mexican land grant, was George C.