By Hall E.H.
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High-power narrow-linewidth lasers can have linewidths of Δ ν ≈ 300 MHz, low-power narrow-linewidth lasers can have Δ ν ≈ 100 kHz, while stabilized lasers can yield Δ ν ≈ 1 kHz, or even much narrower linewidths. In all the instances mentioned here, the emission is in the form of a single longitudinal mode, that is, all the emission radiation is contained in a single electromagnetic mode. In the language of the laser literature, a laser emitting narrow-linewidth radiation is referred to as a laser oscillator or a master oscillator (MO).
This book was written for advanced undergraduate physics students, non-optics graduate students using lasers, engineers, and scientists from other fields seeking to incorporate lasers and optics into their work. This second edition is a revised, expanded, and improved version of its first edition (Duarte 2003). In addition to new and additional material on tunable lasers, this edition also includes some relevant topics of quantum optics as described in Quantum Optics for Engineers (Duarte 2014).
Opt. A: Pure Appl. , 8: 172–174. 4 Wavelength tuning range of a grating mirror laser cavity using C545T as gain medium. , J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 8: 172–174. 5 Simple two-level energy system including a ground level and an upper level. © 2015 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC 7 Introduction to Lasers is a function of position x in the gain medium, time t, and wavelength λ. 1) which has a positive term due to excitation from the ground level and a negative component due to the emission from the upper state.