By Andreas Schedler
At the present time, electoral authoritarianism represents the commonest kind of political regime within the constructing international - and the single we all know least approximately. Filling within the lacuna, this new publication provides state of the art study at the inner dynamics of electoral authoritarian regimes. each one concise, jargon-free bankruptcy addresses a selected empirical puzzle at the foundation of cautious cross-national comparability. the result's a scientific, sincerely based research of the interplay among rulers and competition events within the relevant enviornment of fight below electoral authoritarianism, the electoral battlefield.
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Additional resources for Electoral Authoritarianism: The Dynamics of Unfree Competition
Party identiﬁcation is a long-term, affective, psychological identiﬁcation with one’s preferred political party. These party attachments are distinct from voting preferences, which explains why some Americans vote for the presidential candidate of one party while expressing loyalty to another party. Indeed, it is the conceptual independence of voting and party identiﬁcation that initially gives the latter its theoretical signiﬁcance (Dalton 2000a). Certainly, this is precisely why in the 1970s the concept of party identiﬁcation met some scepticism among European electoral researchers.
As a consequence, changes in value orientations among the population at large will only gradually change and will continue to be of importance for people’s party choice even when these value orientations are no longer, or at least less, anchored in the social structure. Therefore, we expect that the impact of traditional value orientations—controlled for social background variables—will gradually increase. Because of the persistence of value orientations during people’s lifetime, a change in values will mainly occur by generation replacement.
Therefore, according to Curtice, rather than simply looking for linear trends over time we should regard elections as independent events whose political context needs to be measured and impact evaluated. This is in line with our own emphasis on the political–institutional context to which we will come back later in this chapter. Introduction 11 However, certainly in the 1970s there was still more consensus on the declining importance of social structure for voting behaviour than on what was replacing it.