By Chris Hann, Keith Hart
This booklet is a brand new creation to the heritage and perform of financial anthropology by way of prime authors within the box. They exhibit that anthropologists have contributed to knowing the 3 nice questions of contemporary monetary heritage: improvement, socialism and one-world capitalism.
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Extra resources for Economic Anthropology
It was understood from the beginning that these comm unities were enmeshed in wider systems of power dating back to the Spanish conquest. Like the Chinese peas ants studied by Fei, villages in Mexico had complex pol itica l and economic links with towns and ultimately with an entire civilization. Al fred Kroeber, a student of Boas, resolved the puzzle by declaring that they were 'part societies with part cu ltures'. This notion was then taken up by Robert Redfield i n Ch icago a n d gave impetus t o the next generati on of 'peasant studies'.
Rural Mexico provided a conven ient and sti m u l ati ng field for Am erica n a nth ropologi sts who l acked a l a rge overseas em pire replete with tri bes. They paid particular attention to indigenous In d i a n com munities and tended to emphasi ze their conservatism. George Foster ( 1 942 , 1 94 8 ) who studied with both Herskovits and Fi rth pioneered economic a n th ro i p ology in M exico with two books on the 'pri m i ti ve' and �folk' tra d ition s . The fi rst offered a soph istica ted treatment 6Vthe socia l and cultural con text for economic decisions, ii tbriceived of as being rati onal i n the terms advocated hy h i s 47 Economic A nthropology mentors.
So where does that leave the rest of us? If Marx and Engels could identi fy the general interest with a growing body of factory workers tied to machines owned by capi talists, most people i n the North Atlantic region now engage with the economy primarily as consumers. Economic agency means first and foremost h a ving purchasing power. Despite the collapse of traditional industries, some argue that unions remain the best hope for organized resistance to big busi ness. National capitalism once reinforced a general belief in society as a place with one fixed point.