By Ross Mallick
West Bengal has the longest-ruling democratically elected Communist executive in international heritage. due to the fact 1977 the Left entrance has ruled a inhabitants of sixty eight million humans and has bought massive world-wide recognition as a good instance of 3rd global improvement and alter. during this ebook, Dr Ross Mallick convincingly demanding situations this view of the Left entrance govt, arguing that it's been a failure by way of redistributive improvement reform.
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Additional info for Development Policy of a Communist Government: West Bengal since 1977
The Communists were the inheritors of the most radical wing of the nationalist movement, and also constituted the most effective vehicle for opposition to the Congress Party in West Bengal. 37 D. Bandyopadhyay, Land Reforms Commissioner, Land Reforms in West Bengal (Calcutta: Information and Cultural Affairs Department, Government of West Bengal, 1980), p. 10. Agrarian reform Land distribution Despite periodic electoral setbacks in the urban areas, the rural vote has re-elected the Communists for subsequent terms.
According to the West Bengal government's Seventh Five Year Plan: The basic reason for initiating rural development through the poor is as follows. There is a remarkable evidence, available from all the districts of the State, that the highest record of production, taking into account per acre yield of the crops and also the cropping intensity is obtained not from the land of the big or the middle farmers but from the poor farmers. What these poor farmers do not have by way of implements and other inputs, they over-compensate by fuller application of their labour.
The East Bengalis in Calcutta came to have great influence in the professions and in bureaucracy. Perhaps out of desperation they tended to be more successful and ambitious than the West Bengal residents who often still had landed property to fall back on. There developed a certain antagonism between the East and West Bengalis. Many, however, did not have the requisite skills required by an industrialized Calcutta and had to live off employed relatives or resort to proletarian occupations. The importance of the refugees was related by Professor Zagoria: In the urban areas of West Bengal, Communist strength does not appear to be based on A problematic legacy 25 any particular caste or community.