By Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner, Yun-han Chu, Hung-mao Tien
The worldwide pattern that Samuel P. Huntington has dubbed the ''third wave'' of democratization has noticeable greater than 60 international locations event democratic transitions due to the fact that 1974. whereas those international locations have succeeded in bringing down authoritarian regimes and exchanging them with freely elected governments, few of them can as but be thought of sturdy democracies. so much stay engaged within the fight to consolidate their new and fragile democratic associations. Consolidating the 3rd Wave Democracies presents an in-depth research of the demanding situations that they face.
In addition to the full hardcover version, Consolidating the 3rd Wave Democracies comes in paperback volumes, every one brought by way of the editors and arranged for handy path use. the 1st paperback quantity, Themes and Perspectives, addresses problems with institutional layout, civil-military kinfolk, civil society, and monetary improvement. It brings jointly a few of the world's preferable students of democratization, together with Robert A. Dahl, Samuel P. Huntington, Juan J. Linz, Guillermo O'Donnell, Adam Przeworski, Philippe C. Schmitter, and Alfred Stepan. the second one paperback quantity, Regional Challenges, specializes in advancements in Southern Europe, Latin the United States, Russia, and East Asia, fairly Taiwan and China. It includes essays by way of best local specialists, together with Yun-han Chu, P. Nikiforos Diamandouros, Thomas B. Gold, Michael McFaul, Andrew J. Nathan, and Hung-mao Tien.
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Additional info for Consolidating the Third Wave Democracies: Regional Challenges
Most governments tried to accommodate these demands through policies such as mandatory wage increases, price controls , public deficit spending, and other popUlist measures. These policies led to the inflationary spiral that has for so long been associated with Latin American economies . 3 At this point it should be added that Latin American culture lacks the values predominant in Southeast Asia, such as social discipline and respect for hierarchy, authority, and leadership. In fact, the region ' s countries have been noted for their lack o f social cohesion-in the Andean countries and Central America, ethnic factors are paramount in this regard-and lack of a collective sense of nationhood.
For recent discussions o f variants o f democracy, see Larry Diamond. " Journal of Democracy 7 (July 1 996): 20-3 7 ; and David Collier and Steven 22 Southern Europe: A Third Vo/ave S u ccess Storj Levitsky, "Democracy 'with Adjectives ' : Conceptual Innovations in Comparative Research" (Working Paper No. , August 1 996) . 3 . Juan J. Linz, "Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes, " in Fred 1. Greenstein and Nelson W. , Handbook of Political Science (Reading, Mass . : Addison-Wesley, 1 975), 3 : 1 82-83.
Is difficult to define with any degree of precision. Certainly it is not the total elimination of conflict, a condition no society can expect to achieve. Social peace does, however, imply a society in which coopera tion prevails over confrontation in social relations, and conflicts are dealt with in accordance with established rules at the bargaining table instead of in the streets or military barracks. Social peace precludes the recurrent use of riots, violence, or armed force to challenge existing institutions.