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By Eugeniusz Cyran

This publication is an try to exhibit that the elemental rules of phonological association boil right down to the interplay among the energy of nuclei as licensers of phonological constitution and diverse non-rerankable scales of complexity happening at assorted degrees of phonological illustration. The licensing relation among nuclei and the previous onsets at the one hand, and governing kin between Read more...

content material: Preface --
1. major complexity --
2. Formal complexity --
three. The phonological constitution of phrases --
end --
References --
topic index --
Language index.

goals to illustrate that the fundamental ideas of phonological association boil right down to the interplay among the power of nuclei as licensers of phonological constitution and various Read more...

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Extra resources for Complexity scales and licensing in phonology

Sample text

There are generally two blockers restricting overlapping domains: a) the so called ‘opaque vowels’, b) the specification of the preceding non-adjacent consonant, which marks the beginning of a new domain (Cyran 1997: 50). 41 It is also possible that in Connemara the element (I) spreads as an operator just as (U) does. _). 26 Substantive complexity vowel. _) and it suppresses the (A) element, or, to put it differently, the element (A) cannot be licensed in the nucleus headed by (I). ’. Thus, the complexity of the effects concerning the mid vowels in Irish follows directly from the melodic design of such vowels.

Harris 1994). g. Vennemann 1972, 1988, Murray 1988), the preferred contacts are similarly defined as those in which the strength differential between the coda and the following onset is greater, in favour of the latter. 31 This is no place to introduce the syllabification principles of Government Phonology. Suffice it to say that in terms of phonotactics it is no different from sonority- or strength-based models, in that the best contacts are those with the greatest complexity differential. For ease of comparison with the other models, the most complex segments in the Element Theory are obstruents, that is, they are the least sonorous in the former theory and the strongest in the latter.

Namely, next to the noise element, which is absent in Irish, and headedness of the resonant element, which appears to be utilized to the full in this system, also the high tone 64 The voiced labial fricative is notorious for displaying sonorant-like characteristics cross-linguistically. This is true of, for example, Russian (Andersen 1969), Polish (Gussmann 1981, 2002), Slovak (Rubach 1993), Hungarian (Siptár 1996, Szigetvári 1998). 65 Irish seems to be the type of system that, provided it had a process of H-deletion, would exhibit the rhotacism of [s] > [r] instead of the voicing of [s] > [z] in a process like Verner’s Law which generally voices fricatives (Cyran 1997: 192).

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