Download Comparative Vertebrate Cognition: Are Primates Superior to by Nathan J. Emery, Nicola S. Clayton (auth.), Lesley J. PDF

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By Nathan J. Emery, Nicola S. Clayton (auth.), Lesley J. Rogers, Gisela Kaplan (eds.)

This ebook explores afresh the long-standing curiosity, and emphasis on, the `special' capacities of primates. the various contemporary discoveries of the better cognitive talents of alternative mammals and likewise birds problem the idea that primates are distinct or even the view that the cognitive skill of apes is extra complicated than that of nonprimate mammals and birds. it really is for this reason well timed to invite even if primates are, in reality, particular and to take action from a vast variety of views. Divided into 5 sections this booklet offers with themes approximately better cognition and the way it really is manifested in several species, and likewise considers facets of mind constitution that would be linked to advanced habit.

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The argument follows thus. Primates are our closest relatives (discussed previously) and therefore are likely to have similar cognitive abilities to humans. " As primate cognition is structurally similar to human cognition (Tomasello and Call, 1997), primates must be cognitively more advanced than non-primate species. Although space does not permit us to discuss the abuses of the concept of degrees of animal intelligence 38 Nathan J. Emery and Nicola S. , the incorrect assumption that one animal is more intelligent than another based on experimental tests; Macintosh, 1988) and the concept that this idea was based upon, that is, the flawed idea that animals can be ranked on a continuous scale (the scala naturae; Hodos and Campbell, 1969), we would like to suggest that the assumption that primates are a special case arises as a direct consequence of the propagation of these two concepts.

The finches would break off a twig, leaf stem, or cactus spine and then use it to dig into an inaccessible hole. The birds also transport the best tools with them when foraging and change the length of the tools when they are an inappropriate length for the next hole. Tebbich et al. (2001) using aviary housed finches, examined whether this tool-using was learned socially or through individual trial-and-error learning. Some captive adult finches learned to gain access to a beetle larva hidden in a hole in an artificial tree trunk using a twig.

1999). Furthermore, in many of the tasks that have been used, the animal does not need to recall the what, where, and when of an event. Instead, the task may be solved by discriminating on the basis of relative familiarity, a process that is dissociable both psychologically and neurobiologically from episodic memory recall. For example, a face can appear highly familiar without any recall of where and when one has previously met its owner. , 1999). Consider the case of monkeys that have been trained to choose between two complex objects on the basis of whether they are same as (delayed matching-to-sample-DMS) or different from (delayed nonmatching-to-sample or oddity-DNMS) an object they were shown some time previously at the start of the trial.

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