Download Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction (2nd by Robert S. P. Beekes (Revised and corrected by Michiel de PDF

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By Robert S. P. Beekes (Revised and corrected by Michiel de Vaan)

This ebook supplies a finished creation to Comparative Indo-European Linguistics. It begins with a presentation of the languages of the kin (from English and the opposite Germanic languages, the Celtic and Slavic languages, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit via Armenian and Albanian) and a dialogue of the tradition and beginning of the Indo-Europeans, the audio system of the Indo-European proto-language.The reader is brought into the character of language swap and the equipment of reconstruction of older language levels, with many examples (from the Indo-European languages). a whole description is given of the sound alterations, which makes it attainable to stick with the beginning of different Indo-European languages step-by-step. this is often through a dialogue of the improvement of all of the morphological different types of Proto-Indo-European. The booklet provides the newest in scholarly insights, just like the laryngeal and glottalic thought, the accentuation, the ablaut styles, and those are systematically built-in into the therapy. The textual content of this moment variation has been corrected and up to date by way of Michiel de Vaan. Sixty-six new routines permit the scholar to perform the reconstruction of PIE phonology and morphology.

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10. austro-asiatic comprises a group of related languages which are found between Eastern India and Vietnam. Among these are the Munda languages of Eastern India, the Mon-Khmer languages (for example, Cambodian), Viet-Muong, among which Vietnamese itself, and the Asli languages spoken on Malacca. 11. To the austro-thai group belongs Tai-Kadai (among which Thai itself) and the austronesian (or Malay-Polynesian) family. This last group of languages is an enormous family. Among them are Malagasy, spoken on Madagascar, languages spoken in Vietnam, most of the languages of Indonesia, such as Javanese and Malay, the native languages of the Philippines (for example, Tagalog) and of Taiwan; in addition to these we may include the languages of Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia (for example, Samoan and Tahitian, and the Maori language of New Zealand).

A. East Germanic East Germanic is so named because it spread to the Balkans and even the Crimea. In was long thought that East Germanic peoples moved from Scandinavia through Poland and the Carpates, but it seems more likely that they first headed south through Germany or Bohemia and then followed the Danube downstream. Of the various languages in this group, only Gothic is well known to us from the Bible translation of Bishop Wulfila (311–382), which has partially survived. He worked among the Visigoths (often translated incorrectly as the West Goths) to the north of the Danube.

The Indo-European Family of Languages material which is relevant must be the subject of systematic investigation. The comparison would also have to involve related languages which are not too distant from each other. Sanskrit, Greek and Latin were all usable: if we just compare Skt. jánasas, Gr. 2). But if we try comparing Latin iuvencus ‘bullock’ with Old Irish óac ‘youth’ (without knowing anything more), we will quickly find ourselves at a dead-end. ), and its forms then looked very different from the original Indo-European forms.

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