Download Comparative Hearing: Fish and Amphibians by Richard R. Fay PDF

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By Richard R. Fay

A significant aim of listening to examine is to provide an explanation for how the human auditory process more often than not capabilities and to aid establish the factors of and coverings for listening to impairment. Experimental techniques to this study utilize animal types which are constructed, evaluated and verified to figure out what should be generalized from one species to a different. by way of investigating the constructions, physiological capabilities and listening to services of assorted species, comparative listening to study establishes the organic and evolutionary context for such types. This quantity brings jointly our present figuring out of the auditory platforms of 2 of the main vertebrate periods, fish and amphibians. It overcomes the differing theoretical and experimental paradigms that underlie so much paintings on those teams and treats either fish and amphibians jointly in such a lot chapters to be able to deal with broader comparative issues.

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Herpetol Monogr 7:27-42. Janvier P (1996) Early Vertebrates. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. Jarvik E (1980) Basic Structure and Evolution of Vertebrates, Vol. 1. London: Academic Press. Jaslow AP, Hetherington TE, Lombard RE (1988) Structure and function of the amphibian middle ear. In: Fritzsch B, Ryan M, Wilczynski W, Hetherington T, Walkowiak W (eds) The Evolution of the Amphibian Auditory System. New York: Wiley, pp. 69-91. Jefferies RPS (1986) The Ancestry of the Vertebrates. London: British Museum (Natural History).

In: Atema J, Fay RR, Popper AN, Tavolga WN (eds) Sensory Biology of Aquatic Animals. New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. 84-130. Katz LC, Shatz CJ (1996) Synaptic activity and the construction of cortical circuits. Science 274:1133-1138. Landmesser L (1972) Pharmacological properties cholinesterase activity and anatomy of nerve-muscle junctions in vagus-innervated frog sartorius. J Physiol 220:243-256. Larsell 0 (1967) In: Jansen J (ed) The Comparative Anatomy and Histology of the Cerebellum from Myxinoids through Birds.

Fossil data indicate that the condition in which the hyomandibular bone is an additional support for the jaws is primitive and exists in the earliest known fossils of jawed vertebrates, the acanthodians (430 million years ago). Likewise, fossils of all three jawed vertebrate radiations (middle row), suggest a similar association between the hyomandibular bone (epihyal; 1), the keratohyal (2), the palatoquadrate (3), and the brain case. Uncoupling from this function in lineages in which the maxilla is more or less fused with the neurocranium will make the hyomandibular bone obsolete in this function.

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