By Shaopei Lin, Zhen Huang
This book provides comparative layout as an method of the conceptual layout of buildings. basically targeting average structural functionality, sustainable improvement and architectural aesthetics, it gains targeted stories of structural functionality in the course of the composition and de-composition of those components for quite a few constructions, akin to high-rise structures, long-span crossings and spatial buildings. The latter a part of the publication addresses the theoretical foundation and useful implementation of data engineering in structural layout, and a case-based fuzzy reasoning procedure is brought to demonstrate the concept that and approach to clever layout. The booklet is meant for civil engineers, structural designers and designers, in addition to senior undergraduate and graduate scholars in civil engineering and architecture. Lin Shaopei and Huang Zhen are either Professors on the division of Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong collage, China.
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Additional info for Comparative Design of Structures: Concepts and Methodologies
On the basis of experience, they take primal conditions, restraints, and available resources into consideration so as to conceive a spatial arrangement with the emphasis upon the entire structural system. This will provide not only the operational functions but also an expression of aesthetics. Howbeit, traditional education instructs that structural engineers take a local and bottom-to-top approach and start from learning the treatment of details regarding speciﬁc beams and columns with certain neglect of an overall performance of structures and requirements of sustainable development.
As for ordinary structures, seismic force is assumed to be vertically distributed as an inverted triangle; mass of each floor is assembled to its centroid and thereby point of application of overall seismic load Feq is determined. As for long-span or spatial structures, since their vertical stiffness is relatively smaller, vertical vibration often occurs under the action of seismic forces. In this case, vertical resistance to seismic forces needs to be calculated; the method is similar to that of estimation of horizontal seismic forces: 10–20 % of representative value of total gravity load of the structure is taken [as indicated in Eqs.
An optimized edition of design would be eventually accomplished through interactions of feedbacks and modiﬁcations. Y. ” To design from a perspective of overall performance is of utmost importance for both architects and engineers. It does not mean that detail design is not important, and inappropriate construction of details actually led to many structural failures. Generally, architects and structural engineers shall ﬁrst establish a comprehensive understanding of the overall spatial form and relevant operational functions.