By Fernand Braudel
Quantity III investigates what Braudel phrases "world-economies"--the monetary dominance of a selected urban at various sessions of background, from Venice to Amsterdam, London, manhattan.
Read or Download Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century, Volume III: The Perspective of the World PDF
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Quantity III investigates what Braudel phrases "world-economies"--the fiscal dominance of a specific urban at varied sessions of historical past, from Venice to Amsterdam, London, long island.
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Additional info for Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century, Volume III: The Perspective of the World
Photo Anderson-Giraudon . ) 38 The Perspective of the World The pattern of domination exerted by Venice can be found elsewhere as well. Essentially it rests upon a dialectic between a market economy developing almost unaided and spontaneously, and an over-arching economy which seizes these humble activities from above, redirects them and holds them at its mercy. I mentioned the olive oil of Apulia, which Venice long monopolized . In order to do so, Venice had, in the oil-producing region in 1 5 80, no less than 500 Berga mask merchants,36 Venetian subjects, occupied in collecting, storing and organ izing exports.
For politics too had its 'core', a narrow zone from which an eye could be kept on develop ments close at hand or far away, on the 'wait and see' principle. Social forms too had their differential geography . How far for instance did slavery, serfdom or feudal society actually extend in area? Over distance, society could completely change. When Dupont de Nemours agreed to be tutor to the son of Prince Czartoryski, he discovered in Poland to his stupefaction what serfdom was like, and that there could be peasants who were ignorant of the state and knew only their overlord, or princes who remained like peasants in their everyday lives; Prince Radziwill, who 'ruled 'over a domain greater than Lorra ine', slept on an earthen floor.
Non-Greek-speaking populations : the inhabitants of Vietnam and the East Indies were 'barbarians' . In Vietnam however, the Chinese made a distinction between those barbarians who had been touched by Chinese civilization and those who had not. According to a Chinese historian of the sixteenth century, his compa triots called 'those who maintained their independence and their primitive cus toms "raw" barbarians, and those who had more or less accepted Chinese ways and submitted to the empire "cooked" barbarians' .