By Anita J. Prażmowska (auth.)
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Extra info for Civil War in Poland, 1942–1948
In accordance with the Anglo–Polish agreement signed on 5 August 1940 the Poles formed four bomber squadrons and two ﬁghter squadrons. Future expansion was made dependent on availability of additional trained personnel. During the Battle of Britain the two ﬁghter squadrons were conﬁrmed to have brought down 203 German planes. Throughout the war Polish pilots took part in most major aerial actions over occupied Europe and in defence of the British Isles. Three Polish destroyers arrived safely in British coastal waters in September.
17 The next report prepared in June 1942 suggested that the extreme left-wing organizations, not connected directly with the Communist Party, were on the offensive. By April of that year Barykada Wolnos´ci published an 85th issue. More worryingly, AK analysts realized that the WRN was conducting a polemic through the medium of its publication with an unknown, possibly new, communist news sheet, one with which they were not familiar. 18 In its attempt to control developments in occupied Poland, the government-in-exile had to contend with complex divisions even within groups loyal to the London authority.
13 The Peasant Alliance formulated its outline of the post-war programme during this period and this outline brought the Peasant Alliance closer to the socialist underground movement, WRN. The Peasant Alliance nevertheless remained divided by regional particularism and, after the death of Rataj, by the lack of a strong leadership. Divisions within occupied territories were mirrored by those which continued in the exile leadership. By the end of 1941, as the exile PPS leadership became increasingly critical of Sikorski’s government, the Peasant Alliance ﬁrst distanced itself from those policies and then in due course followed the PPS lead.