Download Las Antillas: Colonización, azúcar e imperialismo by José A. BENITEZ PDF

By José A. BENITEZ

En pocas regiones del mundo han ocurrido tantos acontecimientos de importancia common como en las Antillas. En las Antillas se produjo el descubrimiento de América y de ellas partieron las naves españolas hacia l. a. conquista del Continente.
El tráfico comercial mundial se realizó en el Caribe, dentro del gran escenario del capitalismo mercantil que fueron sus costas e islas, durante más de dos siglos. En ellas —volcánicas y ciclónicas— se fraguó y consolidó el sistema capitalista.
El azúcar y las mieles constituyeron las primeras materias primas explotadas sin tregua en nuestra América por los hombres de negocios europeos y norteamericanos. En las Antillas se libró l. a. primera guerra imperialista de los angeles historia. Y también en las Antillas sufrió el imperialismo su primera gran derrota.
El presente ensayo se destaca justamente porque logra conjugar un correcto enfoque histórico con un metódico análisis de l. a. génesis del subdesarrollo antillano y del papel que en éste le ha correspondido al imperialismo. l. a. amena elaboración de esta obra, permite comprender fácilmente el porqué de los angeles importancia de los angeles zona antillana en el rejuego de l. a. política
mundial.
Con aguda síntesis José A. Benitez explica, en forma diáfana y coherente l. a. persistente acción neocolonialista en l. a. zona antillana, sustentada por los angeles gran empresa monopolista azucarera.
Las Antillas: colonización, azúcar e imperialismo, outline los resortes básicos de l. a. táctica de penetración económica imperialista, y el subsiguiente quebrantamiento de los angeles independencia y soberanía de los países caribeños. Sin dejar de tomar en cuenta el papel de las fuerzas productivas y las relaciones de producción, los hechos expuestos superan l. a. descripción de
un caso specific para arribar a planteamientos generales, válidos incluso para el resto del Continente.

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Download Karl der Große. Die Korrektur eines Mythos by Rolf Bergmeier PDF

By Rolf Bergmeier

In großer Regelmäßigkeit wird der Mythos Karls des Großen beschworen. Historiker ergehen sich in Hymnen auf die „Zierde des Erdkreises“ oder den „Vater Europas“ und preisen ihn als Vermittler antiker Kultur und Gelehrsamkeit. Dabei hat Karl nicht eine einzige öffentliche Schule, kein Theater und keine öffentliche Bibliothek finanziert. Sein Handeln und seine Gesetze sind vielmehr von einer totalitären Theologie durchtränkt, die unverhohlen droht, „sterben soll, wer Heide bleiben will”. Obwohl der „allerchristlichste Kaiser” sein ganzes Leben lang Kriege führte, wurde er trotzdem von der Kirche selig und sogar heilig gesprochen.

Bergmeier zeigt: Karls Denken und Handeln stehen in krassem Gegensatz zu allem, used to be Europa Gesicht und Farbe verleiht. Mit dem Europa, wie wir es heute verstehen, mit Demokratie, Toleranz, kultureller Vielfalt und freiem Denken, hat es nicht das Geringste zu tun.

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Download Familiar Strangers: A History of Muslims in Northwest China by Jonathan N. Lipman PDF

By Jonathan N. Lipman

The Chinese-speaking Muslims have for hundreds of years been an inseperable yet anomalous a part of chinese language society--Sinophone but incomprehensible, neighborhood but outsiders, general yet varied. lengthy seemed by means of the chinese language govt as vulnerable to violence, they've got challenged basic chinese language conceptiosn of Self and different and denied the utterly remodeling energy of chinese language civilization via tenaciously preserving connectios with relevant and West Asia in addition to a few cultural changes from their non-Muslim neighbors.

Familiar Strangers narrates a historical past of the Muslims of northwest China, on the intersection of the frontiers of the Mongolian-Manchu, Tibetan, Turkic, and chinese language cultural areas. according to basic and secondary assets in quite a few languages, prevalent Strangers examines the character of ethnicity and outer edge, the position of faith and ethnicity in own and collective judgements in violent instances, and the complexity of belonging to 2 cultures without delay. relating itself with a frontier very far-off from the middle components of chinese language tradition and intensely unusual to so much chinese language, it explores the impression of language, faith, and position on Sino-Muslim id.

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Download Godfrey of Viterbo and His Readers: Imperial Tradition and by Thomas Foerster PDF

By Thomas Foerster

This assortment offers a scientific survey of the extensive readership the works of Godfrey of Viterbo loved within the overdue heart a long time. within the final years of the 12th century this chronicler and imperial notary wrote a sequence of historic collections that won enormous and lasting acceptance: among the 13th and 15th centuries, his works have been copied in complex manuscripts in just about all of Latin Europe. This vast distribution is very awesome for an writer like Godfrey whom smooth historians have by no means credited with any value in any respect, as they thought of his works chaotic and traditionally unreliable. but Godfrey was once one among the main bold historiographers of his time. In his works, the lineage of the Hohenstaufen emperors Frederick Barbarossa and Henry VI is traced on to Charlemagne and Augustus, to the kings of Troy and of the outdated testomony, and to Jupiter and everybody who, in his view, wielded imperial strength some time past. Godfrey used to be a bring in of the recent political principles the Hohenstaufen constructed after the years of defeat opposed to the papacy and the Italian communes, but additionally a common chronicler whose pursuits reached some distance past the political problems with his day. Bringing jointly a gaggle of experts on manuscripts and historic writing in past due medieval England, Spain, Italy, Germany, Bohemia and Poland, this quantity goals to restore Godfrey’s attractiveness through demonstrating how his works have been understood through medieval readers.

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Download Technen: Elements of Recent History of Information by Andrzej Piotr Wierzbicki PDF

By Andrzej Piotr Wierzbicki

The publication expresses the conviction that the artwork of constructing instruments – Greek techne – changes its charactertogether with the swap of civilization epochs and co-determines such alterations. this doesn't suggest that instruments ordinary for a civilization epoch verify it thoroughly, yet they alter our method of perceiving and reading the area. There could have been many such epochs within the historical past of human civilization (much greater than the three waves of agricultural, business and data civilization). this is often expressed by means of the identify Technenof the booklet, the place n denotes a next civilization epoch.

During final fifty years we saw a decomposition of the outdated episteme (understood as a manner of constructing and studying wisdom attribute for a given civilization epoch) of modernism, which used to be an episteme average for business civilization. at the present time, the area is otherwise understood by means of the representatives of 3 various cultural spheres: of strict and traditional sciences; of human and social sciences (especially by way of their half prone in the direction of postmodernism) and technical sciences that experience a unique episteme than even that of strict and typical sciences. therefore, we become aware of this day now not two cultures, but three diversified episteme.

The ebook includes 4 elements. First comprises uncomplicated epistemological observations, moment is dedicated to chose components of modern background of knowledge applied sciences, 3rd includes extra specific epistemological and basic discussions, fourth specifies conclusions. The publication is written from the cognitive point of view of technical sciences, with an entire expertise – and dialogue – of its variations from the cognitive point of view of strict sciences or human and social sciences. the most thesis of the ebook is that informational revolution will most likely result in a formation of a brand new episteme.

The e-book comprises discussions of many concerns concerning such normal standpoint, similar to what is expertise right; what's instinct from a point of view of expertise and of evolutionary naturalism; what are the explanations for and the way huge are the delays betweena primary invention and its wide social usage; what is the basic logical error (using paradoxes that aren't actual, in simple terms obvious) of the culture of sceptical philosophy; what are rational foundationsand examples of emergence of order out of chaos; even if civilization improvement based on optimistic feedbacks among technological know-how, expertise and the marketplace might lead necessarily to a self-destruction of human civilization; etc.

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