By Glenn H. Utter
In one quantity, crusade and Election Reform gathers a wealth of knowledge approximately earlier and current makes an attempt to reform the electoral method. The authors talk about such political situations as occasion corruption, which ended in the increase of reform activities, and over the top crusade donations, which ended in crusade finance laws. Emphasis is put on a number of the motives for persevered low voter turnout premiums and urged adjustments within the electoral process which can elevate citizen participation.Topics comprise improvement of the key poll; the electoral university and the twelfth modification; revolutionary period reforms; discrimination; gerrymandering; time period limits; poll structure reform; and unintentional results of reform. The e-book is choked with proof and knowledge from balloting reports and comprises excerpts from laws and complaints, and the various evaluations of political researchers and activists.
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Extra info for Campaign and Election Reform: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues)
In Texas early voting begins 20 days before the election and ends on the fourth day before the election. 35 While critics of early voting argue that the program increases the costs of campaigns and elections and provides greater opportunities for fraud and voter intimidation, supporters believe that the program gives more discretion to voters, thus encouraging higher levels of turnout. Regardless of the criticisms, voters, who can avoid long lines and cast their ballots more conveniently, have found early voting appealing.
Subsequently, political parties and candidates printed their own ballots, distinguishing them by color or special symbol. Voters were provided the ballot of the preferred party. Because voters could not prevent others from discovering how they voted, these systems often resulted in Page 8 intimidation and violence. The introduction of the secret, or Australian, ballot (so called because it was used first in Australia before being adopted in the United States), eliminated much of the opportunity either to threaten or to promise rewards to voters.
Given the greater contemporary commitment to democracy, such an event would represent a significant threat to the legitimacy of the political process. These and other criticisms of the electoral college have led to several reform proposals. To counter the faithless elector problem, an "automatic plan" could be established. Rather than choosing a group of individuals to elect the president, the popular vote in each state would be translated immediately into electoral votes. Another possible reform involves instituting the procedure used by Maine: Electoral votes would be allocated by vote outcomes in each congressional district rather than statewide.