By Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Sciences Policy, Food and Nutrition Board, Planning Committee for a Workshop on Potential Health Hazards Associated with Consumption of Caffeine in Food and Dietary Supplements, Diana Pankevich, Ann L. Yaktine, Lesli
''Caffeine in foodstuff and supplements is the precis of a workshop convened via the Institute of medication in August 2013 to study the to be had technological know-how on secure degrees of caffeine intake in meals, drinks, and supplements and to spot info gaps. Scientists with services in nutrients defense, food, pharmacology, psychology, toxicology, and similar disciplines; doctors with pediatric and grownup sufferer adventure in cardiology, neurology, and psychiatry; public well-being pros; meals representatives; regulatory specialists; and purchaser advocates mentioned the protection of caffeine in foodstuff and supplements, together with, yet now not restricted to, caffeinated beverage items, and pointed out information gaps. Caffeine, a relevant frightened stimulant, is arguably the main often ingested pharmacologically lively substance on the earth. happening certainly in additional than 60 vegetation, together with espresso beans, tea leaves, cola nuts and cocoa pods, caffeine has been a part of innumerable cultures for hundreds of years. however the caffeine-in-food panorama is altering. There are an array of latest caffeine-containing power items, from waffles to sunflower seeds, jelly beans to syrup, even bottled water, coming into undefined. Years of clinical study have proven that average intake through fit adults of goods containing naturally-occurring caffeine isn't linked to opposed health and wellbeing results. The altering caffeine panorama increases matters approximately safeguard and no matter if any of those new items will be focusing on populations now not regularly linked to caffeine intake, specifically young ones and kids, and even if caffeine poses a better future health chance to these populations than it does for fit adults. This record delineates weak populations who should be in danger from caffeine publicity; describes caffeine publicity and danger of cardiovascular and different well-being results on weak populations, together with additive results with different elements and results on the topic of pre-existing stipulations; explores secure caffeine publicity degrees for normal and susceptible populations; and identifies facts gaps on caffeine stimulant effects''--Publisher's description. Read more...
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Additional info for Caffeine in food and dietary supplements : examining safety : workshop summary
Fulgoni repeated that self-report is a limitation of the NHANES data. With respect to parental self-reporting of their children’s consumption, parents report food and beverage consumption for children up to the age of 6 years. Between 6 years and 12 years, analysts use a combination of child and parental data. He was not aware of any study validating the NHANES self-report data for those younger ages. Workshop planning committee chair Lynn Goldman commented on the number of new caffeinated products, such as candies and marshmallows, that are entering the marketplace and asked whether those types of products will be identifiable in the NHANES database in the future.
The most commonly consumed tea, a standard cup of leaf tea, has 48 mg/RACC. For soda, the range is 0 to 65 mg/RACC, with the most commonly consumed soda being a cola-type soda containing about 20 mg/RACC. Finally, for energy drinks included in the NHANES database, the range is 45 to 86 mg/RACC, with the most frequently consumed energy drink containing 72 mg/RACC. Usual Intake For caffeine consumption per day, among the total sample population (N = 17,387), mean intakes ranged from about 25 mg among 2- to 11-year-old children to more than 200 mg in older adults (see Figure 2-1).
26 CAFFEINE IN FOOD AND DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS Conclusion from the NHANES Analysis With trends in caffeine intake remaining stable, or decreasing in some age groups, but with new sources of caffeine entering the marketplace, Fulgoni suggested that new sources of caffeine may be replacing older sources. Studies specifically designed to assess trade-off of caffeine sources would need to be conducted to confirm this suggestion. Fulgoni concluded by remarking that, as is true of any study, there are strengths and limitations to these NHANES analyses.